The alien limb phenomenon and Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease

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13 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: Alien limb phenomenon (ALP) has been rarely reported as a presenting feature of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD), though neurologists may not recognize it as a prompt to search for CJD. Objective: This report demonstrates the clinical features of patients with ALP and CJD. Methods: All patients with the ALP between 1/1/1996 - 7/28/2011 were identified by the Mayo Clinic Medical Record Linkage system and cross-referenced with a diagnosis of CJD in that same time span. This yielded 13 patients, including six women. Results: The median age at onset of CJD symptoms was 69 years. Two patients were classified as possible CJD, five as probable CJD, and six as definite CJD based on research diagnostic criteria for CJD. The median time to onset of ALP symptoms was 0.5 weeks. The ALP afflicted the left side in nine patients. The median time to death from CJD symptom onset was 10.5 weeks. In four patients ALP was the initial and sole neurologic sign. In four others it was the initial manifestation coexisting with other deficits. ALP related symptoms initially prompted three other patients to seek medical evaluation. ALP was either initially or eventually accompanied by ipsilateral hemineglect, ideomotor apraxia and/or cortical sensory loss in nine patients. Imaging of the contralateral parietal lobe demonstrated cortical T2 hyperintensity and/or restricted diffusion in all eight patients who had abnormal MRI neuroimaging. Conclusions: ALP should trigger suspicion of CJD. The neuroanatomic correlate of ALP in CJD appears to be the contralateral parietal lobe.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)842-846
Number of pages5
JournalParkinsonism and Related Disorders
Volume18
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2012

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Creutzfeldt-Jakob Syndrome
Extremities
Parietal Lobe
Medical Record Linkage
Ideomotor Apraxia
Neurologic Manifestations
Age of Onset
Neuroimaging

Keywords

  • Alien limb
  • Apraxia
  • Creutzfeldt-Jakob
  • Dementia
  • Prion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Neurology

Cite this

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title = "The alien limb phenomenon and Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease",
abstract = "Introduction: Alien limb phenomenon (ALP) has been rarely reported as a presenting feature of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD), though neurologists may not recognize it as a prompt to search for CJD. Objective: This report demonstrates the clinical features of patients with ALP and CJD. Methods: All patients with the ALP between 1/1/1996 - 7/28/2011 were identified by the Mayo Clinic Medical Record Linkage system and cross-referenced with a diagnosis of CJD in that same time span. This yielded 13 patients, including six women. Results: The median age at onset of CJD symptoms was 69 years. Two patients were classified as possible CJD, five as probable CJD, and six as definite CJD based on research diagnostic criteria for CJD. The median time to onset of ALP symptoms was 0.5 weeks. The ALP afflicted the left side in nine patients. The median time to death from CJD symptom onset was 10.5 weeks. In four patients ALP was the initial and sole neurologic sign. In four others it was the initial manifestation coexisting with other deficits. ALP related symptoms initially prompted three other patients to seek medical evaluation. ALP was either initially or eventually accompanied by ipsilateral hemineglect, ideomotor apraxia and/or cortical sensory loss in nine patients. Imaging of the contralateral parietal lobe demonstrated cortical T2 hyperintensity and/or restricted diffusion in all eight patients who had abnormal MRI neuroimaging. Conclusions: ALP should trigger suspicion of CJD. The neuroanatomic correlate of ALP in CJD appears to be the contralateral parietal lobe.",
keywords = "Alien limb, Apraxia, Creutzfeldt-Jakob, Dementia, Prion",
author = "Mark Rubin and Jonathan Graff-Radford and Boeve, {Bradley F} and Josephs, {Keith Anthony} and Aksamit, {Allen Jr.}",
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T1 - The alien limb phenomenon and Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease

AU - Rubin, Mark

AU - Graff-Radford, Jonathan

AU - Boeve, Bradley F

AU - Josephs, Keith Anthony

AU - Aksamit, Allen Jr.

PY - 2012/8

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N2 - Introduction: Alien limb phenomenon (ALP) has been rarely reported as a presenting feature of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD), though neurologists may not recognize it as a prompt to search for CJD. Objective: This report demonstrates the clinical features of patients with ALP and CJD. Methods: All patients with the ALP between 1/1/1996 - 7/28/2011 were identified by the Mayo Clinic Medical Record Linkage system and cross-referenced with a diagnosis of CJD in that same time span. This yielded 13 patients, including six women. Results: The median age at onset of CJD symptoms was 69 years. Two patients were classified as possible CJD, five as probable CJD, and six as definite CJD based on research diagnostic criteria for CJD. The median time to onset of ALP symptoms was 0.5 weeks. The ALP afflicted the left side in nine patients. The median time to death from CJD symptom onset was 10.5 weeks. In four patients ALP was the initial and sole neurologic sign. In four others it was the initial manifestation coexisting with other deficits. ALP related symptoms initially prompted three other patients to seek medical evaluation. ALP was either initially or eventually accompanied by ipsilateral hemineglect, ideomotor apraxia and/or cortical sensory loss in nine patients. Imaging of the contralateral parietal lobe demonstrated cortical T2 hyperintensity and/or restricted diffusion in all eight patients who had abnormal MRI neuroimaging. Conclusions: ALP should trigger suspicion of CJD. The neuroanatomic correlate of ALP in CJD appears to be the contralateral parietal lobe.

AB - Introduction: Alien limb phenomenon (ALP) has been rarely reported as a presenting feature of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD), though neurologists may not recognize it as a prompt to search for CJD. Objective: This report demonstrates the clinical features of patients with ALP and CJD. Methods: All patients with the ALP between 1/1/1996 - 7/28/2011 were identified by the Mayo Clinic Medical Record Linkage system and cross-referenced with a diagnosis of CJD in that same time span. This yielded 13 patients, including six women. Results: The median age at onset of CJD symptoms was 69 years. Two patients were classified as possible CJD, five as probable CJD, and six as definite CJD based on research diagnostic criteria for CJD. The median time to onset of ALP symptoms was 0.5 weeks. The ALP afflicted the left side in nine patients. The median time to death from CJD symptom onset was 10.5 weeks. In four patients ALP was the initial and sole neurologic sign. In four others it was the initial manifestation coexisting with other deficits. ALP related symptoms initially prompted three other patients to seek medical evaluation. ALP was either initially or eventually accompanied by ipsilateral hemineglect, ideomotor apraxia and/or cortical sensory loss in nine patients. Imaging of the contralateral parietal lobe demonstrated cortical T2 hyperintensity and/or restricted diffusion in all eight patients who had abnormal MRI neuroimaging. Conclusions: ALP should trigger suspicion of CJD. The neuroanatomic correlate of ALP in CJD appears to be the contralateral parietal lobe.

KW - Alien limb

KW - Apraxia

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KW - Dementia

KW - Prion

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