The addition of the btk inhibitor ibrutinib to anti-cd19 chimeric antigen receptor T Cells (CART19) improves responses against mantle cell lymphoma

Marco Ruella, Saad S. Kenderian, Olga Shestova, Joseph A. Fraietta, Sohail Qayyum, Qian Zhang, Marcela V. Maus, Xiaobin Liu, Selene Nunez-Cruz, Michael Klichinsky, Omkar U. Kawalekar, Michael Milone, Simon F. Lacey, Anthony Mato, Stephen J. Schuster, Michael Kalos, Carl H. June, Saar Gill, Mariusz A. Wasik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

72 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: Responses to therapy with chimeric antigen receptor T cells recognizing CD19 (CART19, CTL019) may vary by histology. Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) represents a B-cell malignancy that remains incurable despite novel therapies such as the BTK inhibitor ibrutinib, and where data from CTL019 therapy are scant. Using MCL as a model, we sought to build upon the outcomes from CTL019 and from ibrutinib therapy by combining these in a rational manner. Experimental Design: MCL cell lines and primary MCL samples were combined with autologous or normal donor-derived anti-CD19 CAR T cells along with ibrutinib. The effect of the combination was studied in vitro and in mouse xenograft models. Results: MCL cells strongly activated multiple CTL019 effector functions, and MCL killing by CTL019 was further enhanced in the presence of ibrutinib. In a xenograft MCL model, we showed superior disease control in the CTL019- as compared with ibrutinib-treated mice (median survival not reached vs. 95 days, P < 0.005) but most mice receiving CTL019 monotherapy eventually relapsed. Therefore, we added ibrutinib to CTL019 and showed that 80% to 100% of mice in the CTL019 + ibrutinib armand 0%to 20%ofmice in the CTL019 arm, respectively, remained in long-term remission (P < 0.05). Conclusions: Combining CTL019 with ibrutinib represents a rational way to incorporate two of the most recent therapies in MCL. Our findings pave the way to a two-pronged therapeutic strategy in patients withMCLand other types of B-cell lymphoma.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2684-2696
Number of pages13
JournalClinical Cancer Research
Volume22
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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