The accuracy of natriuretic peptides (brain natriuretic peptide and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic) in the differentiation between transfusion-related acute lung injury and transfusion-related circulatory overload in the critically ill

Guangxi Li, Craig E. Daniels, Marija Kojicic, Tami Krpata, Greg A. Wilson, Jeffrey L. Winters, S. Breanndan Moore, Ognjen Gajic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: The diagnostic workup of transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) requires an exclusion of transfusion-associated circulatory overload (TACO). Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic (NT-pro-BNP) accurately diagnosed TACO in preliminary studies that did not include patients with TRALI. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, two critical care experts blinded to serum levels of BNP and NT-pro-BNP determined the diagnosis of TRALI, TACO, and possible TRALI based on the consensus conference definitions. The accuracy of BNP and NT-pro-BNP was assessed based on the area under the receiver operating curve (AUC). RESULTS: Of 115 patients who developed acute pulmonary edema after transfusion, 34 were identified with TRALI, 31 with possible TRALI, and 50 with TACO. Median BNP was 375 pg per mL (interquartile range [IQR], 123 to 781 pg/mL) in TRALI, 446 pg per mL (IQR, 128 to 743 pg/mL) in possible TRALI, and 559 pg per mL (IQR, 288 to 1348 pg/mL) in TACO patients (p = 0.038). The NT-pro-BNP levels among patients with TRALI, possible TRALI, and TACO differed significantly with a median value of 1559 pg per mL (IQR, 629 to 5114 pg/mL), 2349 pg/mL (IQR, 919 to 4610 pg/mL), and 5197 pg/mL (IQR, 1695 to 15,714 pg/mL; p = 0.004), respectively. The accuracy of BNP and NT-pro-BNP to diagnose TACO was moderate with an AUC of 0.63 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.51-0.74) and 0.70 (95% CI, 0.59 to 0.80). CONCLUSIONS: Natriuretic peptides are of limited diagnostic value in a differential diagnosis of pulmonary edema after transfusion in the critically ill patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13-20
Number of pages8
JournalTransfusion
Volume49
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2009

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Natriuretic Peptides
Acute Lung Injury
Brain Natriuretic Peptide
Critical Illness
Brain
Pulmonary Edema
Area Under Curve
Confidence Intervals
Critical Care
Differential Diagnosis
Cohort Studies
Prospective Studies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Immunology
  • Immunology and Allergy

Cite this

The accuracy of natriuretic peptides (brain natriuretic peptide and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic) in the differentiation between transfusion-related acute lung injury and transfusion-related circulatory overload in the critically ill. / Li, Guangxi; Daniels, Craig E.; Kojicic, Marija; Krpata, Tami; Wilson, Greg A.; Winters, Jeffrey L.; Moore, S. Breanndan; Gajic, Ognjen.

In: Transfusion, Vol. 49, No. 1, 01.2009, p. 13-20.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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title = "The accuracy of natriuretic peptides (brain natriuretic peptide and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic) in the differentiation between transfusion-related acute lung injury and transfusion-related circulatory overload in the critically ill",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: The diagnostic workup of transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) requires an exclusion of transfusion-associated circulatory overload (TACO). Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic (NT-pro-BNP) accurately diagnosed TACO in preliminary studies that did not include patients with TRALI. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, two critical care experts blinded to serum levels of BNP and NT-pro-BNP determined the diagnosis of TRALI, TACO, and possible TRALI based on the consensus conference definitions. The accuracy of BNP and NT-pro-BNP was assessed based on the area under the receiver operating curve (AUC). RESULTS: Of 115 patients who developed acute pulmonary edema after transfusion, 34 were identified with TRALI, 31 with possible TRALI, and 50 with TACO. Median BNP was 375 pg per mL (interquartile range [IQR], 123 to 781 pg/mL) in TRALI, 446 pg per mL (IQR, 128 to 743 pg/mL) in possible TRALI, and 559 pg per mL (IQR, 288 to 1348 pg/mL) in TACO patients (p = 0.038). The NT-pro-BNP levels among patients with TRALI, possible TRALI, and TACO differed significantly with a median value of 1559 pg per mL (IQR, 629 to 5114 pg/mL), 2349 pg/mL (IQR, 919 to 4610 pg/mL), and 5197 pg/mL (IQR, 1695 to 15,714 pg/mL; p = 0.004), respectively. The accuracy of BNP and NT-pro-BNP to diagnose TACO was moderate with an AUC of 0.63 (95{\%} confidence interval [CI], 0.51-0.74) and 0.70 (95{\%} CI, 0.59 to 0.80). CONCLUSIONS: Natriuretic peptides are of limited diagnostic value in a differential diagnosis of pulmonary edema after transfusion in the critically ill patients.",
author = "Guangxi Li and Daniels, {Craig E.} and Marija Kojicic and Tami Krpata and Wilson, {Greg A.} and Winters, {Jeffrey L.} and Moore, {S. Breanndan} and Ognjen Gajic",
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T1 - The accuracy of natriuretic peptides (brain natriuretic peptide and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic) in the differentiation between transfusion-related acute lung injury and transfusion-related circulatory overload in the critically ill

AU - Li, Guangxi

AU - Daniels, Craig E.

AU - Kojicic, Marija

AU - Krpata, Tami

AU - Wilson, Greg A.

AU - Winters, Jeffrey L.

AU - Moore, S. Breanndan

AU - Gajic, Ognjen

PY - 2009/1

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N2 - BACKGROUND: The diagnostic workup of transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) requires an exclusion of transfusion-associated circulatory overload (TACO). Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic (NT-pro-BNP) accurately diagnosed TACO in preliminary studies that did not include patients with TRALI. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, two critical care experts blinded to serum levels of BNP and NT-pro-BNP determined the diagnosis of TRALI, TACO, and possible TRALI based on the consensus conference definitions. The accuracy of BNP and NT-pro-BNP was assessed based on the area under the receiver operating curve (AUC). RESULTS: Of 115 patients who developed acute pulmonary edema after transfusion, 34 were identified with TRALI, 31 with possible TRALI, and 50 with TACO. Median BNP was 375 pg per mL (interquartile range [IQR], 123 to 781 pg/mL) in TRALI, 446 pg per mL (IQR, 128 to 743 pg/mL) in possible TRALI, and 559 pg per mL (IQR, 288 to 1348 pg/mL) in TACO patients (p = 0.038). The NT-pro-BNP levels among patients with TRALI, possible TRALI, and TACO differed significantly with a median value of 1559 pg per mL (IQR, 629 to 5114 pg/mL), 2349 pg/mL (IQR, 919 to 4610 pg/mL), and 5197 pg/mL (IQR, 1695 to 15,714 pg/mL; p = 0.004), respectively. The accuracy of BNP and NT-pro-BNP to diagnose TACO was moderate with an AUC of 0.63 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.51-0.74) and 0.70 (95% CI, 0.59 to 0.80). CONCLUSIONS: Natriuretic peptides are of limited diagnostic value in a differential diagnosis of pulmonary edema after transfusion in the critically ill patients.

AB - BACKGROUND: The diagnostic workup of transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) requires an exclusion of transfusion-associated circulatory overload (TACO). Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic (NT-pro-BNP) accurately diagnosed TACO in preliminary studies that did not include patients with TRALI. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, two critical care experts blinded to serum levels of BNP and NT-pro-BNP determined the diagnosis of TRALI, TACO, and possible TRALI based on the consensus conference definitions. The accuracy of BNP and NT-pro-BNP was assessed based on the area under the receiver operating curve (AUC). RESULTS: Of 115 patients who developed acute pulmonary edema after transfusion, 34 were identified with TRALI, 31 with possible TRALI, and 50 with TACO. Median BNP was 375 pg per mL (interquartile range [IQR], 123 to 781 pg/mL) in TRALI, 446 pg per mL (IQR, 128 to 743 pg/mL) in possible TRALI, and 559 pg per mL (IQR, 288 to 1348 pg/mL) in TACO patients (p = 0.038). The NT-pro-BNP levels among patients with TRALI, possible TRALI, and TACO differed significantly with a median value of 1559 pg per mL (IQR, 629 to 5114 pg/mL), 2349 pg/mL (IQR, 919 to 4610 pg/mL), and 5197 pg/mL (IQR, 1695 to 15,714 pg/mL; p = 0.004), respectively. The accuracy of BNP and NT-pro-BNP to diagnose TACO was moderate with an AUC of 0.63 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.51-0.74) and 0.70 (95% CI, 0.59 to 0.80). CONCLUSIONS: Natriuretic peptides are of limited diagnostic value in a differential diagnosis of pulmonary edema after transfusion in the critically ill patients.

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