The α1H Ca2+ channel subunit is expressed in mouse jejunal interstitial cells of Cajal and myocytes

Simon J. Gibbons, Peter R. Strege, Sha Lei, Jaime L. Roeder, Amelia Mazzone, Yijun Ou, Adam Rich, Gianrico Farrugia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

T-type Ca2+ currents have been detected in cells from the external muscular layers of gastrointestinal smooth muscles and appear to contribute to the generation of pacemaker potentials in interstitial cells of Cajal from those tissues. However, the Ca2+ channel α subunit responsible for these currents has not been determined. We established that the α subunit of the α1H Ca2+ channel is expressed in single myocytes and interstitial cells of Cajal using reverse transcription and polymerase chain reaction from whole tissue, laser capture microdissected tissue and single cells isolated from the mouse jejunum. Whole-cell voltage clamp recordings demonstrated that a nifedipine and Cd2+ resistant, mibefradil-sensitive current is present in myocytes dissociated from the jejunum. Electrical recordings from the circular muscle layer demonstrated that mibefradil reduced the frequency and initial rate of rise of the electrical slow wave. Gene targeted knockout of both alleles of the cacna1h gene, which encodes the α1H Ca2+ channel subunit, resulted in embryonic lethality because of death of the homozygous knockouts prior to E13.5 days in utero. We conclude that a channel with the pharmacological and molecular characteristics of the α1H Ca2+ channel subunit is expressed in interstitial cells of Cajal and myocytes from the mouse jejunum, and that ionic conductances through the α1H Ca2+ channel contribute to the upstroke of the pacemaker potential. Furthermore, the survival of mice that do not express the α1H Ca2+ channel protein is dependent on the genetic background and targeting approach used to generate the knockout mice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4422-4431
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
Volume13
Issue number11-12
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2009

Keywords

  • Electrical slow wave
  • Gastrointestinal motility
  • Ion channels
  • Transgenic animals

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Cell Biology

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