TET2 and CSMD1 genes affect SBP response to hydrochlorothiazide in never-treated essential hypertensives

Martina Chittani, Roberta Zaninello, Chiara Lanzani, Francesca Frau, Maria F. Ortu, Erika Salvi, Giovanni Fresu, Lorena Citterio, Daniele Braga, Daniela A. Piras, Simona Delli Carpini, Dinesh Velayutham, Marco Simonini, Giuseppe Argiolas, Simona Pozzoli, Chiara Troffa, Valeria Glorioso, Kimmo K. Kontula, Timo P. Hiltunen, Kati M. DonnerStephen T. Turner, Eric Boerwinkle, Arlene B. Chapman, Sandosh Padmanabhan, Anna F. Dominiczak, Olle Melander, Julie A. Johnson, Rhonda M. Cooper-Dehoff, Yan Gong, Natalia V. Rivera, Gianluigi Condorelli, Bruno Trimarco, Paolo Manunta, Daniele Cusi, Nicola Glorioso, Cristina Barlassina

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


Background: Thiazide diuretics have been recommended as a first-line antihypertensive treatment, although the choice of 'the right drug in the individual essential hypertensive patient' remains still empirical. Essential hypertension is a complex, polygenic disease derived from the interaction of patient's genetic background with the environment. Pharmacogenomics could be a useful tool to pinpoint gene variants involved in antihypertensive drug response, thus optimizing therapeutic advantages and minimizing side effects. Methods and results: We looked for variants associated with blood pressure response to hydrochlorothiazide over an 8-week follow-up by means of a genome-wide association analysis in two Italian cohorts of never-treated essential hypertensive patients: 343 samples from Sardinia and 142 from Milan. TET2 and CSMD1 as plausible candidate genes to affect SBP response to hydrochlorothiazide were identified. The specificity of our findings for hydrochlorothiazide was confirmed in an independent cohort of essential hypertensive patients treated with losartan. Our best findings were also tested for replication in four independent hypertensive samples of European Ancestry, such as GENetics of drug RESponsiveness in essential hypertension, Genetic Epidemiology of Responses to Antihypertensives, NORdic DILtiazem intervention, Pharmacogenomics Evaluation of Antihypertensive Responses, and Campania Salute Network-StayOnDiur. We validated a polymorphism in CSMD1 and UGGT2. Conclusion: This exploratory study reports two plausible loci associated with SBP response to hydrochlorothiazide: TET2, an aldosterone-responsive mediator of ENaC gene transcription; and CSMD1, previously described as associated with hypertension in a case-control study.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1301-1309
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of hypertension
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 6 2015


  • essential hypertension
  • genome-wide association study
  • genomics
  • pharmacogenomics
  • thiazides diuretics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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