The present study tests the clinical postulate that elevated testosterone (Te) and estradiol (E2) concentrations modulate the effects of constant iv infusion of saline vs. recombinant human IGF-I on free IGF-I, IGF binding protein (IGFBP)-1, and dimeric IGF-I/IGFBP-1 concentrations in healthy aging adults. To this end, comparisons were made after administration of placebo (Pl) vs. Te in eight older men (aged 61 ± 4 yr) and after Pl vs. E 2 in eight postmenopausal women (62 ± 3 yr). In the saline session, E2 lowered and Te increased total IGF-I; E2 specifically elevated IGFBP-1 by 1.5-fold and suppressed free IGF-I by 34%; and E2 increased binary IGF-I/IGFBP-1 by 5-fold more than Te. During IGF-I infusion, the following were found: 1) total and free IGF-I rose 1.4- to 2.0-fold (Pl) and 2.1-2.5-fold (Te) more rapidly in men than women; 2) binary IGF-I/IGFBP-1 increased 3.4-fold more rapidly in men (Te) than women (E 2); and 3) end-infusion free IGF-I was 1.6-fold higher in men than women. In summary, E2, compared with Te supplementation, lowers concentrations of total and ultrafiltratably free IGF-I and elevates those of IGFBP-1 and binary IGF-I/IGFBP-1, thus putatively limiting IGF-I bioavailability. If free IGF-I mediates certain biological actions, then exogenous Te and E2 may modulate the tissue effects of total IGF-I concentrations unequally.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Biochemistry, medical