Background: Medical and/or economic reasons sometimes necessitate the staging of percutaneous coronary intervention (SPCI) procedures in patients with complex coronary artery disease; however, the impact of this on very long-term outcomes is unknown. The aim of the present study is to assess 10-year all-cause mortality in patients with the three-vessel disease (3VD) and/or left main disease (LM) undergoing SPCI. Methods: This is a sub-analysis of patients undergoing SPCI in the SYNTAXES study, which investigated 10-year all-cause mortality in patients with 3VD and/or LM in the randomized SYNTAX trial, beyond its original 5-year follow-up. An SPCI was allowed within 72 h or, if renal insufficiency or contrast-induced nephropathy occurred, within 14 days of the index procedure. Mortality was compared between patients having SPCI versus those not having SPCI or undergoing CABG. PCI patients were further stratified according to 3VD or LM. Results: In the SYNTAX PCI population (overall: n = 903, 3VD: n = 546, LM: n = 357), 125 (13.8%) patients underwent SPCI. Patients with SPCI had a higher 10-year mortality compared to those who didn't (40.0% vs 26.6%; hazard ratio [HR] 1.69; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.23–2.32; p < 0.01) and those having CABG(40.0% vs 24.5%; HR 1.85; 95%CI 1.35–2.53; p < 0.01). Patients having SPCI with 3VD (n = 103) or LM (n = 22) had higher mortality than respective patients not having SPCI (3VD: 37.4% vs 27.1%; HR 1.52; 95%CI 1.05–2.21; p = 0.03 and LM: 51.8% vs 25.9%; HR 2.39; 95%CI 1.27–4.47; p = 0.01). Conclusions: At 10-year follow-up, SPCI was associated with higher mortality than single-session PCI, so that CABG may be preferable if a staged procedure is anticipated.
- Coronary artery bypass grafting
- Percutaneous coronary intervention
- Staged procedure
- SYNTAX, mortality
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine