Temporal trends in the incidence, treatment and outcomes of hip fracture after first kidney transplantation in the United States

S. Sukumaran Nair, C. R. Lenihan, M. E. Montez-Rath, D. W. Lowenberg, G. M. Chertow, W. C. Winkelmayer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations

Abstract

It is currently unknown whether any secular trends exist in the incidence and outcomes of hip fracture in kidney transplant recipients (KTR). We identified first-time KTR (1997-2010) who had >1 year of Medicare coverage and no recorded history of hip fracture. New hip fractures were identified from corresponding diagnosis and surgical procedure codes. Outcomes studied included time to hip fracture, type of surgery received and 30-day mortality. Of 69740 KTR transplanted in 1997-2010, 597 experienced a hip fracture event during 155341 person-years of follow-up for an incidence rate of 3.8 per 1000 person-years. While unadjusted hip fracture incidence did not change, strong confounding by case mix was present. Using year of transplantation as a continuous variable, the hazard ratio (HR) for hip fracture in 2010 compared with 1997, adjusted for demographic, dialysis, comorbid and most transplant-related factors, was 0.56 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.41-0.77). Adjusting for baseline immunosuppression modestly attenuated the HR (0.68; 95% CI: 0.47-0.99). The 30-day mortality was 2.2 (95% CI: 1.3-3.7) per 100 events. In summary, hip fractures remain an important complication after kidney transplantation. Since 1997, case-mix adjusted posttransplant hip fracture rates have declined substantially. Changes in immunosuppressive therapy appear to be partly responsible for these favorable findings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)943-951
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Transplantation
Volume14
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2014

Keywords

  • Bone disease
  • fracture
  • kidney transplant
  • mortality
  • outcomes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Transplantation
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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