Temporal aspects of excitation-contraction coupling in airway smooth muscle

Gary C. Sieck, Young Soo Han, Christina M. Pabelick, Y. S. Prakash

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

In airway smooth muscle (ASM), ACh induces propagating intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+]i) oscillations (5-30 Hz). We hypothesized that, in ASM, coupling of elevations and reductions in [Ca2+]i to force generation and relaxation (excitation-contraction coupling) is slower than ACh-induced [Ca2+]i oscillations, leading to stable force generation. When we used real-time confocal imaging, the delay between elevated [Ca2+]i and contraction in intact porcine ASM cells was found to be ∼450 ms. In β-escin-permeabilized ASM strips, photolytic release of caged Ca2+ resulted in force generation after ∼800 ms. When calmodulin (CaM) was added, this delay was shortened to ∼500 ms. In the presence of exogenous CaM and 100 μM Ca2+, photolytic release of caged ATP led to force generation after ∼80 ms. These results indicated significant delays due to CaM mobilization and Ca2+-CaM activation of myosin light chain kinase but much shorter delays introduced by myosin light chain kinase-induced phosphorylation of the regulatory myosin light chain MLC20 and cross-bridge recruitment. This was confirmed by prior thiophosphorylation of MLC20, in which force generation occurred ∼50 ms after photolytic release of caged ATP, approximating the delay introduced by cross-bridge recruitment alone. The time required to reach maximum steady-state force was >15 s. Rapid chelation of [Ca2+]i after photolytic release of caged diazo-2 resulted in relaxation after a delay of ∼1.2 s and 50% reduction in force after ∼57 s. We conclude that in ASM cells agonist-induced [Ca2+]i oscillations are temporally and spatially integrated during excitation-contraction coupling, resulting in stable force production.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2266-2274
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of applied physiology
Volume91
Issue number5
StatePublished - Nov 10 2001

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Keywords

  • Calcium regulation
  • Cross bridge
  • Myosin light chain
  • Phosphorylation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

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