Techniques and outcomes of paravalvular leak repair after transcatheter aortic valve replacement

Thomas M. Waterbury, Guy S. Reeder, Sorin V. Pislaru, Allison K. Cabalka, Charanjit Rihal, Mackram Eleid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: To investigate the feasibility, procedural success, and outcomes of paravalvular leak (PVL) closure in patients with prior transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). Background: PVL after TAVR is associated with adverse patient outcomes and increased mortality. Percutaneous PVL closure has emerged as a therapeutic strategy for addressing this issue, but data for transcatheter PVL repair after TAVR remains limited. Methods: This is a single center retrospective review of PVL closure after TAVR. Patients with balloon-expandable or self-expanding prostheses were included. Baseline patient demographics, procedural characteristics, complications, and clinical outcomes were reviewed. Results: A total of 18 patients with clinically significant PVL after TAVR referred for PVL closure were identified during the study period. Procedural success resulting in successful transcatheter occluder plug delivery was 78% (14 cases). Balloon postdilatation (2/4) and valve-in-valve (2/4) were used effectively in the remaining patients after an unsuccessful PVL closure attempt. PVL grading by echocardiography decreased from moderate or severe to<moderate in 13 patients (72%). Adverse events including cardiac tamponade and acute kidney injury occurred in 1 case each. One-month all-cause mortality was 11%. Conclusion: In selected patients, percutaneous PVL repair following TAVR is feasible and effective for both balloon-expandable and self-expanding prostheses. Most patients undergoing PVL closure after TAVR require a single occluder plug placement for reduction in PVL to mild or less.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalCatheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2017

Keywords

  • Aortic valve disease
  • Paravalvular leak
  • Structural heart disease intervention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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