Aims and Methods: The α-synucleinopathy multiple system atrophy (MSA) and diseases defined by pathological 43-kDa transactive response DNA-binding protein (TDP-43) or fused in sarcoma (FUS) aggregates such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and frontotemporal lobar degeneration show overlapping clinico-pathological features. Consequently, we examined MSA for evidence of TDP-43 or FUS pathology utilizing immunohistochemical studies in autopsy material from 29 MSA patients. Results: TDP-43 pathology was generally rare, and there were no FUS lesions. The TDP-43 lesions were located predominantly in medio-temporal lobe and subcortical brain areas and were comprised mainly of dystrophic processes and perivascular (and subpial) lesions. Conclusions: The multisystem clinical symptoms and signs of MSA, and in particular the neurobehavioural/cognitive and pyramidal features, appear not to result from concomitant TDP-43 or FUS pathology, but rather from widespread white matter α-synuclein positive glial cytoplasmic inclusions and neurodegeneration in keeping with a primary α-synuclein-mediated oligodendrogliopathy. The gliodegenerative disease MSA evidently results from different pathogenetic mechanisms than neurodegenerative diseases linked to pathological TDP-43.
- 43-kDa transactive response DNA-binding protein
- Multiple system atrophy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Clinical Neurology
- Physiology (medical)