Targeting reactive oxygen species in development and progression of pancreatic cancer

Nisha Durand, Peter Storz

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA) is characterized by expression of oncogenic KRas which drives all aspects of tumorigenesis. Oncogenic KRas induces the formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) which have been implicated in initiation and progression of PDA. To facilitate tumor promoting levels and to avoid oncogene-induced senescence or cytotoxicity, ROS homeostasis in PDA cells is balanced by additional up-regulation of antioxidant systems. Areas covered: We examine the sources of ROS in PDA, the mechanisms by which ROS homeostasis is maintained, and the biological consequences of ROS in PDA. Additionally, we discuss the potential mechanisms for targeting ROS homoeostasis as a point of therapeutic intervention. An extensive review of the relevant literature as it relates to the topic was conducted using PubMed. Expert commentary: Even though oncogenic mutations in the KRAS gene have been detected in over 95% of human pancreatic adenocarcinoma, targeting its gene product, KRas, has been difficult. The dependency of PDA cells on balancing ROS homeostasis could be an angle for new prevention or treatment strategies. These include use of antioxidants to prevent formation or progression of precancerous lesions, or methods to increase ROS in tumor cells to toxic levels.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)19-31
Number of pages13
JournalExpert review of anticancer therapy
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2 2017

Keywords

  • KRas
  • NOX
  • PanIN
  • Reactive oxygen species
  • antioxidants
  • mitochondria
  • pancreatic cancer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Pharmacology (medical)

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