Oncogenic mutations in B-type Raf kinase (BRAF) occur in 7–10% of metastatic colorectal cancers (mCRC). Despite recent improvements in survival in the general population of patients with mCRC, patients with BRAF-mutant mCRC continue to have poor response to most systemic therapies, and prognosis remains poor. There is a substantial unmet need for novel therapeutic strategies to treat patients with BRAF-mutant mCRC. This review outlines the epidemiology, molecular pathogenesis, prognosis, and mechanisms of treatment resistance of BRAF-mutated CRC. Additionally, this review highlights novel therapeutic strategies aimed at enhancing response and improving outcomes.
- Colorectal cancer
- Targeted therapy
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging