Gastric motility is coordinated by underlying bioelectrical slow waves. Gastric dysrhythmias occur in gastrointestinal (GI) motility disorders, but there are no validated methods for eliminating dysrhythmias. We hypothesized that targeted ablation could eliminate pacemaker sites in the stomach, including dysrhythmic ectopic pacemaker sites. In vivo high-resolution serosal electrical mapping (16 X 16 electrodes; 6 X 6 cm) was applied to localize normal and ectopic gastric pacemaker sites in 13 anesthetized pigs. Radiofrequency ablation was performed in a square formation surrounding the pacemaker site. Postablation high-resolution mapping revealed that ablation successfully induced localized conduction blocks after 18 min (SD 5). Normal gastric pacemaker sites were eliminated by ablation (n = 6), resulting in the emergence of a new pacemaker site immediately distal to the original site in all cases. Ectopic pacemaker sites were similarly eliminated by ablation in all cases (n = 7), and the surrounding mapped area was then entrained by normal antegrade activity in five of those cases. Histological analysis showed that ablation lesions extended through the entire depth of the muscle layer. Immunohistochemical staining confirmed localized interruption of the interstitial cell of Cajal (ICC) network through the ablation lesions. This study demonstrates that targeted gastric ablation can effectively modulate gastric electrical activation, including eliminating ectopic sites of slow wave activation underlying gastric dysrhythmias, without disrupting surrounding conduction capability or tissue structure. Gastric ablation presents a powerful new research tool for modulating gastric electrical activation and may likely hold therapeutic potential for disorders of gastric function. NEW & NOTEWORTHY This study presents gastric ablation as a novel tool for modulating gastric bioelectrical activation, including eliminating the normal gastric pacemaker site as well as abnormal ectopic pacemaker sites underlying gastric dysrhythmias. Targeted application of radiofrequency ablation was able to eliminate these pacemaker sites without disrupting surrounding conduction capability or tissue structure. Gastric ablation presents a powerful new research tool for modulating gastric electrical activation and may likely hold therapeutic potential for disorders of gastric function.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology|
|State||Published - Apr 2022|
- Interstitial cells of Cajal
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physiology (medical)