Tamoxifen suppresses histologic progression to atypia and DCIS in MCFIOAT xenografts, a model of early human breast cancer

D. W. Visscher, P. Nanjia-Makker, G. Heppner, P. V.M. Shekhar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

We evaluated the effects of tamoxifen on the growth and progression of MCFIOAT xenografts, an estrogen responsive model of human breast tumor progression, in which cells are injected orthotopically into the mammary fat pad of female nude mice. At 10 weeks following implantation, histologic sections of each graft were evaluated microscopically for histologic lesions analogous to human breast tumor progression, graded as simple hyperplasia, complex hyperplasia, atypical hyperplasia, ductal carcinoma in situ and invasive carcinoma. Three out of five xenografts in (endocrine intact) control animals progressed to atypical hyperplasia, one progressed to ductal carcinoma in situ and one to invasive carcinoma. The latter two control grafts also contained foci of putative precursor lesions (i.e. atypical hyperplasia and in situ carcinoma, respectively). Tamoxifen supplemented xenografts (N = 17) were uniformly smaller than controls, but contained invasive carcinoma in a similar proportion (4/17, 24%). However, none of these grafts exhibited ductal carcinoma in situ and only one contained atypical hyperplasia. Most grafts in tamoxifen supplemented animals (10/17, including all four with carcinomas) showed complex hyperplasia, which typically dominated the graft. We conclude that tamoxifen selectively inhibits the appearance or growth of preinvasive index lesions. Development of malignancy in the absence of such precursors, though, implies selection for alternative histogenetic pathways as a result of endocrine manipulation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)41-47
Number of pages7
JournalBreast Cancer Research and Treatment
Volume65
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 28 2001

Keywords

  • Atypical hyperplasia
  • Breast carcinoma
  • Fibrocystic change
  • Tamoxifen
  • Xenograft model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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