Systolic-to-diastolic myocardial volume ratio as a novel imaging marker of cardiomyopathy

Alexander J. Ryu, Vinayak Kumar, Barry A. Borlaug, Armando Manduca, Chaitanya K. Rao, Raymond J. Gibbons, Samuel J. Asirvatham, Bernard J. Gersh, Krishnaswamy Chandrasekaran, Philip A. Araoz, Jae K. Oh, Alexander C. Egbe, Atta Behfar, Nandan S. Anavekar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: In patients with normal left ventricular ejection fraction, it may be difficult to distinguish between the normal and diseased heart. Novel assessments of ventricular function, such as extracellular volume imaging, myocardial perfusion imaging and myocardial contraction fraction are emerging to better assess disease burden in these cases. This study endeavored to determine whether the ratio of myocardial volume in systole to myocardial volume in diastole (MVs/MVd), differs between normal hearts and those with disease states characterized by normal ejection fraction. Method: Consecutive patients from 2008 to 2018 with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), cardiac amyloidosis, and heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) who underwent cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were selected for inclusion, along with a sex- and age-matched cohort of normal volunteers who also underwent cardiac MRI. Manual tracings were performed on each MRI to calculate MVs/MVd, which was then compared across subgroups. Results: Included were 50 patients with HCM, 50 patients with cardiac amyloidosis, 26 patients with HFpEF, and 30 normal subjects. Age was 54.1 years (SD 16.7); mean MVs/MVd was 0.88 (SD 0.04) in the normal subgroup, 1.03 (SD 0.06) in HCM patients, 1.03 (SD 0.06) in cardiac amyloidosis patients, and 0.97 (SD 0.02) in HFpEF patients, with all pathology subgroups different from the normal subgroup (p <.0001 for each). The ratio of MVs/MVd discriminated diseased from normal with c statistic 0.989 (p <.001). Conclusions: This study suggests that a novel and easily-captured metric of ventricular function, MVs/MVd, can differentiate normal ventricular function from multiple cardiomyopathies with normal ejection fractions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)272-277
Number of pages6
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology
Volume322
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2020

Keywords

  • Cardiomyopathy
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Physiology
  • Ventricular function

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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