Systemic plasma levels of nitrite/nitrate (NOX) reflect brachial flow-mediated dilation responses in young men and women

Darren P. Casey, Darren T. Beck, Randy W. Braith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

1. The aim of the present study was to determine the relationship between plasma levels of nitrite/nitrite (NOx) and brachial flow-mediated dilation (FMD) in healthy young men and women. 2. Brachial artery FMD was assessed non-invasively using high-resolution ultrasound in 36 young men and women (21 ± 3 years; 18 men and 18 women). Blood samples for NO x assays were collected from an indwelling venous catheter in the forearm following an overnight fast and a 36 h low-nitrate diet. 3. Plasma levels of NOx were related to peak brachial FMD% (r = 0.53; P = 0.001). The relationship was maintained when the brachial dilation was expressed as absolute diameter change (Δmm; r = 0.51; P = 0.002) and when it was normalized (/s) to the mean shear rate (r = 0.50; P = 0.002). 4. The present study demonstrates a relationship between peak FMD in the brachial artery and plasma levels of NOx in young men and women. This relationship suggests that brachial FMD and/or plasma NOx may be used as markers of peripheral endothelial function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1291-1293
Number of pages3
JournalClinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology
Volume34
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2007

Keywords

  • Brachial artery
  • Flow-mediated dilation
  • Nitrite/nitrate (NO)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Pharmacology
  • Physiology (medical)

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