Systematic Review of Teleneurology: Neurohospitalist Neurology

Mark N. Rubin, Kay E. Wellik, Dwight D. Channer, Bart M. Demaerschalk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

The use of 2-way audiovisual telemedicine technology for the delivery of acute stroke care is well established in the literature and is a growing practice. The use of such technology for neurologic consultation outside the cerebrovascular specialty has been reported to a variable extent across most disciplines within the field of neurology, including that of the neurohospitalist medicine. A systematic review of these reports is lacking. Hence, the main purpose of this study was to conduct a systematic review of the literature on teleneurologic consultation in hospital neurology. The databases Ovid MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsychINFO, CINAHL, and Cochrane were used as data sources and were searched with key words “teleneurology” and its numerous synonyms and cognates. These key words were cross-referenced with subspecialties of neurology. The studies were included for further review only if the title or the abstract indicated that the study made use of 2-way audiovisual communication to address a neurologic indication. This search yielded 6625 abstracts. By consensus between the 2 investigators, 688 publications met the criteria for inclusion and further review. Four of those citations directly pertained to the inpatient hospital neurologic consultation. Each of the 4 relevant articles was scored with a novel rubric scoring functionality, application, technology, and evaluation phase. A subspecialty category score was calculated by averaging those scores. The use of 2-way audiovisual technology for general neurologic consultation of hospital inpatients, beyond stroke-related care, is promising, but the evidence supporting its routine use is weak. Further studies on reliability, validity, safety, efficacy, and cost-effectiveness are encouraged.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)120-124
Number of pages5
JournalThe Neurohospitalist
Volume3
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2013

Keywords

  • clinical specialty
  • neurohospitalist
  • quality
  • remote consultation
  • safety
  • techniques
  • techniques
  • teleneurology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology

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