Syntrophin γ2 regulates SCN5A gating by a PDZ domain-mediated interaction

Yijun Ou, Peter Strege, Steven M. Miller, Jonathan Makielski, Michael Ackerman, Simon J. Gibbons, Gianrico Farrugia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

91 Scopus citations

Abstract

SCN5A encodes the α subunit of the cardiac muscle and intestinal smooth muscle mechanosensitive Na+ channel. Mechanosensitivity in the intestine requires an intact cytoskeleton. We report, using laser capture microdissection, single cell PCR, and immunohistochemistry, that syntrophins, scaffolding proteins, were expressed in human intestinal smooth muscle cells. The distribution of syntrophin γ2 was similar to that of SCN5A. Yeast two-hybrid and glutathione S-transferase pull-down experiments show that SCN5A and syntrophin γ2 co-express and that the PDZ domain of syntrophin γ2 directly interacts with the C terminus of SCN5A. In native cells, disruption of the C terminus-syntrophin γ2 PDZ domain interaction using peptides directed against either region result in loss of mechanosensitivity. Co-transfection of syntrophin γ2 with SCN5A in HEK293 cells markedly shifts the activation kinetics of SCN5A and reduces the availability of Na+ current. We propose that syntrophin γ2 is an essential Na+ channel-interacting protein required for the full expression of the Na+ current and that the SCN5A-syntrophin γ2 interaction determines mechanosensitivity and current availability.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1915-1923
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume278
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 17 2003

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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