Synthesis and evaluation of novel biodegradable hydrogels based on poly(ethylene glycol) and sebacic acid as tissue engineering scaffolds

Jinku Kim, Kee Won Lee, Theresa E. Hefferan, Bradford L. Currier, Michael J. Yaszemski, Lichun Lu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

100 Scopus citations

Abstract

Novel biodegradable poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) based hydrogels, namely, PEG sebacate diacrylate (PEGSDA) were synthesized, and their properties were evaluated. Chemical structures of these polymers were confirmed by Fourier transform infrared and proton nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR) spectroscopy. After photopolymerization, the dynamic shear modulus of the hydrogels was up to 0.2 MPa for 50% PEGSDA hydrogel, significantly higher than conventional hydrogels such as PEG diacrylate (PEGDA). The swelling ratios of these macromers were significantly lower than PEGDA. The in vitro degradation study demonstrated that these hydrogels were biodegradable with weight losses about 66% and 32% for 25% and 50% PEGSDA after 8 weeks of incubation in phosphate-buffered saline at 37 °C. In vitro biocompatibility was assessed using cultured rat bone marrow stromal cells (MSCs) in the presence of unreacted monomers or degradation products. Unlike conventional PEGDA hydrogels, PEGSDA hydrogel without RGD peptide modification induced MSC cell adhesion similar to tissue culture polystyrene. Finally, complex three-dimensional structures of PEGSDA hydrogels using solid free form technique were fabricated and their structure integrity was better maintained than PEGDA hydrogels. These hydrogels may find use as scaffolds for tissue engineering applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)149-157
Number of pages9
JournalBiomacromolecules
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2008

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Bioengineering
  • Biomaterials
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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