Symptom-Based Clustering in Chronic Rhinosinusitis Relates to History of Aspirin Sensitivity and Postsurgical Outcomes

Rohit Divekar, Neil Patel, Jay Jin, John Hagan, Matthew A Rank, Devyani Lal, Hirohito Kita, Erin O'Brien

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Symptoms burden in chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) may be assessed by interviews or by means of validated tools such as the 22-item SinoNasal Outcome Test (SNOT-22). However, when only the total SNOT-22 scores are used, the pattern of symptom distribution and heterogeneity in patient symptoms is lost. Objectives: To use a standardized symptom assessment tool (SNOT-22) on preoperative symptoms to understand symptom heterogeneity in CRS and to aid in characterization of distinguishing clinical features between subgroups. Methods: This was a retrospective review of 97 surgical patients with CRS. Symptom-based clusters were derived on the basis of presurgical SNOT-22 scores using unsupervised analysis and network graphs. Comparison between clusters was performed for clinical and demographic parameters, postsurgical symptom scores, and presence or absence of a history of aspirin sensitivity. Results: Unsupervised analysis reveals coclustering of specific symptoms in the SNOT-22 tool. Using symptom-based clustering, patients with CRS were stratified into severe overall (mean total score, 90.8), severe sinonasal (score, 62), moderate sinonasal (score, 40), moderate nonsinonasal (score, 37) and mild sinonasal (score, 16) clusters. The last 2 clusters were associated with lack of history of aspirin sensitivity. The first cluster had a rapid relapse in symptoms postoperatively, and the last cluster demonstrated minimal symptomatic improvement after surgery. Conclusion: Symptom-based clusters in CRS reveal a distinct grouping of symptom burden that may relate to aspirin sensitivity and treatment outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)934-940.e3
JournalJournal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice
Volume3
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2015

Keywords

  • Aspirin exacerbated respiratory disease
  • Aspirin sensitivity
  • Chronic rhinosinusitis
  • CRS symptoms
  • SNOT-22

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy

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