Suture techniques with high breaking strength and low gliding resistance: Experiments in the dog flexor digitorum profundus tendon

T. Momose, P. C. Amadio, C. Zhao, M. E. Zobitz, P. J. Couvreur, K. N. An

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Scopus citations

Abstract

We studied the breaking strength and gliding resistance between the pulley and flexor tendon for various suture techniques. Canine flexor digitorum profundus tendons were transected and sutured using one of eight repair techniques: modified Kessler (MK); Tsuge (Tsuge); two variations of a double modified Kessler (DK1, DK2); combined modified Kessler-modified Tsuge (MKT); augmented Becker (Becker); Cruciate (Cruciate); and modified double Tsuge (DT). The force to produce a 1.5 mm gap, ultimate failure load, resistance to gap formation, and gliding resistance were measured. The force to produce a 1.5 mm gap and the ultimate breaking force were higher with the DK1, DK2, MKT, Becker, Cruciate, and DT repairs than they were with the MK and Tsuge repair, while the gliding resistance of the Becker was higher than that of the MK, DK1, DK2, MKT, Cruciate, and DT repairs. In addition to confirming that repair strength increases as the number of strands crossing the repair increases, we also found that these stronger repairs need not produce higher gliding resistance than less robust repairs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)635-641
Number of pages7
JournalActa Orthopaedica Scandinavica
Volume72
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine

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