Sustained Improvement in Diastolic Reserve following Percutaneous Pericardiotomy in a Porcine Model of Heart Failure with Preserved Ejection Fraction

C. Charles Jain, Dawn Pedrotty, Philip A. Araoz, Alan Sugrue, Vaibhav R. Vaidya, Deepak Padmanabhan, Shivaram P. Arunachalam, Lilach O. Lerman, Samuel J. Asirvatham, Barry A. Borlaug

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Heart failure with preserved ejection fraction is increasing in prevalence, but few effective treatments are available. Elevated left ventricular (LV) diastolic filling pressures represent a key therapeutic target. Pericardial restraint contributes to elevated LV end-diastolic pressure, and acute studies have shown that pericardiotomy attenuates the rise in LV end-diastolic pressure with volume loading. However, whether these acute effects are sustained chronically remains unknown. Methods: Minimally invasive pericardiotomy was performed percutaneously using a novel device in a porcine model of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction. Hemodynamics were assessed at baseline and following volume loading with pericardium intact, acutely following pericardiotomy, and then again chronically after 4 weeks. Cardiac structure was assessed by magnetic resonance imaging. Results: The increase in LV end-diastolic pressure with volume loading was mitigated by 41% (95% CI, 27%-45%, P<0.0001; ΔLV end-diastolic pressure reduced from +9±3 mm Hg to +5±3 mm Hg, P=0.0003, 95% CI, -2.2 to -5.5). The effect was sustained at 4 weeks (+5±2 mm Hg, P=0.28 versus acute). There was no statistically significant effect of pericardiotomy on ventricular remodeling compared with age-matched controls. None of the animals developed hemodynamic or pathological indicators of pericardial constriction or frank systolic dysfunction. Conclusions: The acute hemodynamic benefits of pericardiotomy are sustained for at least 4 weeks in a swine model of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction, without excessive chamber remodeling, pericarditis, or clinically significant systolic dysfunction. These data support trials evaluating minimally invasive pericardiotomy as a novel treatment for heart failure with preserved ejection fraction in humans.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)232-241
Number of pages10
JournalCirculation: Heart Failure
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2021

Keywords

  • heart failure
  • hemodynamics
  • pericardiotomy
  • pericardium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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