Survival Times of Patients With Menetrier's Disease and Risk of Gastric Cancer

Ann E. Almazar, Joshua D. Penfield, Yuri A. Saito, Nicholas J. Talley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background & Aims: Menetrier's disease is a rare acquired disorder associated with giant gastric folds along with protein-losing enteropathy, low stomach acid, or achlorhydria, and histologic features of massive foveolar hyperplasia. Little is known about the etiology, clinical features, or epidemiology of this disorder, including risk of gastric cancer. We investigated the outcomes and characteristics of patients with Menetrier's disease, including development of gastric cancer and survival times. Methods: We performed a case-control study of all Menetrier's disease cases (n = 76; mean age, 56 ± 45 y; 59% male; mean body mass index, 24) diagnosed at Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, from January 1975 through 2005. Diagnosis of Menetrier's disease was based on a combination of clinical, endoscopic, radiologic, and histologic features. Patients with dyspepsia who underwent gastric biopsy analysis were included as controls. We obtained demographic, clinical history, laboratory, imaging, histopathology, and follow-up data from medical records. Clinical characteristics of Menetrier's disease were analyzed using descriptive statistics. The Kaplan–Meier method was used to estimate overall survival in cases. Results: Clinical features found in a significantly higher proportion of patients with Menetrier's disease than controls included vomiting, abdominal pain, postprandial fullness, and weight loss of 10 lb or more. Smoking was associated with Menetrier's disease (P = .002 vs controls), but not alcohol use. Infection with Helicobacter pylori was not associated with Menetrier's disease (2.6% of patients vs 4.0% of controls; P = 1.00). There was no significant difference between patients with Menetrier's disease vs controls in proportions with inflammatory bowel disease. Gastric cancer developed in 8.9% of patients with Menetrier's disease by 10 years after the Menetrier's disease diagnosis vs 3.7% of controls over the same time period (P = .09). Of patients with Menetrier's disease, 72.7% and 65.0% survived for 5 and 10 years, respectively, compared with 100% of controls (P < .0001 for both time periods). Conclusions: In a case–control study of 76 patients with Menetrier's disease, we found this rare disorder to be associated with increased mortality. Patients with Menetrier's disease therefore should be followed up with surveillance endoscopy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalClinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • Bacteria
  • Risk of Death
  • Stomach Cancer
  • Thickened Gastric Wall

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

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