Introduction: We evaluate the role of surgery in the treatment of fibrous dysplasia of the skull in children. Methods: We identified 48 consecutive cases of fibrous dysplasia of the skull that were surgically treated at a single institution over a 23-year interval. The 28 patients that initially presented during the first two decades of life were selected for further analysis. Presenting symptoms, signs, surgical treatment, surgical outcome and the state of the disease at the extended follow-up interval were recorded. Results: Fibrous dysplasia of the skull in children most often involved the frontal, sphenoid and ethmoid bones. Most patients presented with facial asymmetry or proptosis. A gross total resection was achieved in 7 patients, subtotal resection in 17 patients, and 4 patients underwent biopsy alone. Over the follow-up interval, 7 patients had symptomatic progression of subtotally resected fibrous dysplasia and 3 patients had asymptomatic progression. The extent of resection was correlated with recurrence risk. Conclusions: In order to prevent progression of disease, an attempt at gross total resection is indicated in cases of fibrous dysplasia of the skull in childhood where the risk of neurologic morbidity is low and cosmetic results will be acceptable.
- Fibrous dysplasia
- Surgical management
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Clinical Neurology