Background: Among patients with combined coronary artery and peripheral vascular disease, long-term benefits of surgical therapy compared with medical therapy for coronary artery disease are unknown. Methods and Results: Using prospectively collected data from the Coronary Artery Surgery Study registry, we performed a retrospective cohort analysis of 1834 patients (mean age, 56 years; 20% women) with both coronary artery and peripheral vascular disease and evaluated their long-term outcomes. Of these patients, 986 received (nonrandomly) coronary artery bypass graft surgery, and 848 were treated medically. Perioperative mortality was 4.2% (2.9% in the absence of peripheral vascular disease; P=.02). In a mean follow-up period of 10.4 years, 1100 deaths occurred (80% due to cardiovascular causes). For the surgical group, 4-, 8-, 12-, and 16-year estimated probabilities of survival were 88%, 72%, 55%, and 41%, respectively, and 73%, 57%, 44%, and 34%, respectively, for the medical group (P<.0001). Multivariate analysis demonstrated that type of therapy was independently associated with survival (P=.0001; χ2=15.34). Subgroup analysis suggested that benefits of surgical treatment on survival were limited to patients with three-vessel coronary artery disease and were inversely related to ejection fraction. Survival free of death or myocardial infarction was also significantly better among the surgical group. Type of therapy was significantly associated with occurrence of late events (P=.01; χ2=6.55). Subgroup analysis again demonstrated that beneficial effects of surgery were limited to patients with three-vessel coronary artery disease and were inversely related to ejection fraction. Conclusions: Surgical treatment provides long-term benefit for certain subgroups of patients with combined coronary artery and peripheral arterial vascular disease.
- coronary disease
- peripheral vascular disease
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)