Background: This study investigates surgical management of tumors arising from or involving the aorta and major arterial structures. Methods: A retrospective single institutional review was conducted of patients undergoing arterial resection for tumors involving the aorta or major arterial structures between January 1992 and May 2009 at a tertiary care center. Patients with tumors abutting arteries without necessitating resection and those involving only venous structures were excluded. Patients were analyzed in groups by vessel involvement: aorta, carotid, external/common iliac, internal iliac, superficial femoral, and miscellaneous. Results: Sixty patients were identified and included for review. The iliac arteries were most often resected, and sarcomatous pathology was most common (37 patients, 62%). Twelve patients underwent aortic resection, with eight (67%) of these undergoing graft reconstruction, one (8%) graft patch, and two (17%) primary repair. None of the 17 patients undergoing internal iliac resection underwent reconstruction, whereas the majority of patients in all other groups underwent reconstruction. Thirty-day mortality (TDM) was 0% in all groups, except the aortic (2/12, 17% TDM), and internal iliac arteries (1/17, 6% TDM). Estimated blood loss varied widely and was not significantly different between vessel groups (p = 0.280). Overall, 44 of 60 (73%) patients had negative margins. Fourteen patients (23%) returned to the operating room, most for wound infection or dehiscence. Mean follow-up was 20.25 months (range: 0.5-122.0 months, SD: 23 months). Forty patients were followed up for more than 1 year. Thus, with an overall median follow-up of 12.25 months, overall survival was 60% with disease-free survival of 40%. Conclusions: Resection of tumors involving the aorta and major arterial structures provides a reasonable option for treatment, but with significant perioperative morbidity. In selected patients, this aggressive intervention should be considered.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine