Surgical Findings and Outcomes in Premenopausal Breast Cancer Patients Undergoing Oophorectomy: A Multicenter Review From the Society of Gynecologic Surgeons Fellows Pelvic Research Network

Lara F.B. Harvey, Vandana G. Abramson, Jimena Alvarez, Christopher Destephano, Hye Chun Hur, Katherine Lee, Patricia Mattingly, Beau Park, Carolyn Piszczek, Farinaz Seifi, Mallory Stuparich, Amanda Yunker

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Study Objective To describe the procedures performed, intra-abdominal findings, and surgical pathology in a cohort of women with premenopausal breast cancer who underwent oopherectomy. Design Multicenter retrospective chart review (Canadian Task Force classification II-3). Setting Nine US academic medical centers participating in the Fellows’ Pelvic Research Network (FPRN). Patients One hundred twenty-seven women with premenopausal breast cancer undergoing oophorectomy between January 2013 and March 2016. Intervention Surgical castration. Measurements and Main Results The mean patient age was 45.8 years. Fourteen patients (11%) carried a BRCA mutations, and 22 (17%) carried another germline or acquired mutation, including multiple variants of uncertain significance. There was wide variation in surgical approach. Sixty-five patients (51%) underwent pelvic washings, and 43 (35%) underwent concurrent hysterectomy. Other concomitant procedures included midurethral sling placement, appendectomy, and hysteroscopy. Three patients experienced complications (transfusion, wound cellulitis, and vaginal cuff dehiscence). Thirteen patients (10%) had ovarian pathology detected on analysis of the surgical specimen, including metastatic tumor, serous cystadenomas, endometriomas, and Brenner tumor. Eight patients (6%) had Fallopian tube pathology, including 3 serous tubal intraepithelial cancers. Among the 44 uterine specimens, 1 endometrial adenocarcinoma and 1 multifocal endometrial intraepithelial neoplasia were noted. Regarding the entire study population, the number of patients meeting our study criteria and seen by gynecologic surgeons in the FPRN for oophorectomy increased by nearly 400% from 2013 to 2015. Conclusion Since publication of the Suppression of Ovarian Function Trial data, bilateral oophorectomy has been recommended for some women with premenopausal breast cancer to facilitate breast cancer treatment with aromatase inhibitors. These women may be at elevated risk for occult abdominal pathology compared with the general population. Gynecologic surgeons often perform castration oophorectomy in patients with breast cancer as an increasing number of oncologists are using aromatase inhibitors to treat premenopausal breast cancer. Our data suggest that other abdominal/pelvic cancers, precancerous conditions, and previously unrecognized metastatic disease are not uncommon findings in this patient population. Gynecologists serving this patient population may consider a careful abdominal survey, pelvic washings, endometrial sampling, and serial sectioning of fallopian tube specimens for a thorough evaluation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)111-115
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
Volume25
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018

Keywords

  • Breast cancer
  • Occult cancer
  • Ovarian mass
  • Salpingo-oophorectomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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