Surgical Care for Women with Endometrial Cancer in Florida

Osayande Osagiede, Christopher C. Destephano, Jordan J. Cochuyt, Dorin T. Colibaseanu, Matthew A. Robertson, Aaron C. Spaulding

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objective: The goal of this research was to analyze if disparities in route of hysterectomy for endometrial cancer exist in Florida. Materials and Methods: In this retrospective cohort study, Florida inpatient and ambulatory surgery databases (2014-2016) were examined to find cases of patients with endometrial cancer who underwent hysterectomy in the state. Logistic regression models were used to compare patient-and hospital-level factors associated with having minimally invasive surgery (MIS) versus open surgery, and complications in patients having open hysterectomy versus MIS. Results: Overall, 6513 patients met the inclusion criteria. MIS was performed in 81.4% of cases. The odds of using a minimally invasive approach to hysterectomy (vaginal, robotic, or laparoscopic) were significantly lower for black women (odds ratio [OR]: 0.41; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.34-0.50) as well as for other non-white patients (OR: 0.64; 95% CI: 0.49-0.84). Patients with Medicaid (OR: 0.42; 95% CI: 0.30-0.59) or Medicare managed care (OR: 0.73; 95% CI: 0.59-0.91), or who received care at a teaching hospital (OR: 0.82; 95% CI: 0.68-0.98) or government hospital (OR: 0.50; 95% CI: 0.38-0.65) were also less likely to receive MIS. Patients receiving care at a high-volume (OR: 1.69; 95% CI: 1.30-2.20) or medium-volume (OR: 3.11; 95% CI: 2.37-4.08) hospital, or patients who were located in the Central (OR: 1.71; 95% CI: 1.17-2.48) or Peninsula (OR: 1.73; 95% CI: 1.17-2.56) regions, compared to the Florida Panhandle, had greater odds of receiving MIS. Conclusions: Although Florida has a high adoption of MIS for treating endometrial cancer, disparities persist. Efforts of state-level entities should focus on improving access to minimally invasive hysterectomy for racial minorities with endometrial cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)163-171
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Gynecologic Surgery
Volume35
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2019

Keywords

  • endometrial cancer
  • health disparities
  • hysterectomy
  • minimally invasive surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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