Standard electrocardiograms from 87 consecutive patients with tachycardia of left bundle branch block configuration were analyzed retrospectively for features that might be characteristic of tachycardia utilizing a nodofascicular Mahaim fiber. The study group consisted of 13 patients with nodofascicular iachycardia, 34 with supraventricular tachycardia and aberrant conduction over the His-Purkinje systent, 22 with ventricular tachycardia and 18 with antidromic tachycardia utilizing a right-sided accessory atrioventricular pathway. Six variables present during tachycardia of left bundle branch block configuration were predictive of a no- dofascicular fiber: cycle length between 220 and 450 ms, QRS axis of 0 to −75°, QRS duration 0.15 second or less, R wave in lead I, rS wave in precordial lead V1 and a precordial transition from a negative to a positive QRS complex after lead V4. All six criteria were present in 16 of the 87 patients. No patient with ventricular tachycardia satisfied these criteria, whereas 3 of 34 with supraventricular tachycardia, 1 of 18 with antidromic tachycardia and 12 of 13 with tachycardia using a no-dofascicular fiber did. It is concluded that analysis of the surface electrocardiogram during tachycardia may suggest the presence of a nodofascicular fiber.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine