Primary systemic amyloidosia (AL) is a plasma cell dyscrasia resulting in multisystem failure and death. High-dose chemotherapy with peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (PBSCT) has been associated with higher response rates and seemingly higher overall survival then standard chemotherapy. Selection bias, however, confounds interpretation of these results. We performed a case-match-control study comparing overall survival of 63 AL patients undergoing transplantation with 63 patients not undergoing transplantation. Matching criteria included age, sex, time to presentation, left ventricular ejection fraction, serum creatinine, septal thickness, nerve involvement, 24-hour urine protein, and aerum alkaline phosphatase. According to design, there was no difference between the groups with respect to sex (57% males), age (median, 53 years) left ventricular election fraction (65%), number of patients with peripheral nerve involvement (17%), cardiac interventricular septal wall thickness (12 mm), serum creatinine (1.1 mg/dL [97.24 μmol/L]), and bone marrow plasmacytosis (8%). Sixty-six patients have died (16 cases and 50 controls). For PBSCT and control groups, respectively, the 1-, 2-, and 4-year overall survival rates are 89% and 71%; 81% and 55%; and 71% and 41%. Outside a randomized clinical trial, these results present the strongest data supporting the role of PBSCT in selected patients with AL.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology