Superior Oblique Palsy: Efficacy of Isolated Inferior Oblique Recession in Cases with Ipsilateral Hypertropia in Abduction

Laura A. Torrado, Michael C Brodsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: To evaluate the effects of isolated inferior oblique (IO) muscle recession in patients with superior oblique palsy (SOP) and persistent hypertropia in abduction. Methods: Retrospective review of patients with unilateral SOP who were treated with isolated IO recession by a single surgeon (MCB) between January 2008 and December 2017. We included patients with congenital and acquired fourth nerve palsies, with a hyperdeviation of less than 20 prism diopters in primary position and at least 4 prism diopters in abduction by prism and alternate cover test (PACT) during distance fixation. A minimum follow-up of 4–6 weeks was required. Age at surgery, etiology, presence of head tilt, motor alignment in primary and secondary gaze positions at distance and near using PACT, versions, ductions, and torsion were recorded from the patients’ chart. Results: Seven patients with SOP were included in this study. Four (57.14%) males, with a mean age at presentation of 41.86 years (range: 6–66 years). Mean follow-up was 13.25 months (range: 1.3–52.2 months). A decrease in mean central gaze hypertropia from 11.4 to 1.71 PD was found. A mean contralateral gaze hypertropia that decreased from 22.28 to 5.71 PD and an ipsilateral gaze hypertropia that improved from 5.86 to 1.14 PD were also noted. Torsion had a mean change of 3.4° of incyclodeviation at the final examination. Conclusions: This study confirms the efficacy of isolated maximal IO recession for the treatment of unilateral SOP that is accompanied by a modest hypertropia of the paretic eye in abduction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Binocular Vision and Ocular Motility
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

Strabismus
Paralysis
Oculomotor Muscles
Trochlear Nerve Diseases
Head

Keywords

  • Superior oblique palsy
  • superior rectus contracture
  • torsion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

Cite this

@article{bb0e774dc6e3419bb9a610973ace9843,
title = "Superior Oblique Palsy: Efficacy of Isolated Inferior Oblique Recession in Cases with Ipsilateral Hypertropia in Abduction",
abstract = "Purpose: To evaluate the effects of isolated inferior oblique (IO) muscle recession in patients with superior oblique palsy (SOP) and persistent hypertropia in abduction. Methods: Retrospective review of patients with unilateral SOP who were treated with isolated IO recession by a single surgeon (MCB) between January 2008 and December 2017. We included patients with congenital and acquired fourth nerve palsies, with a hyperdeviation of less than 20 prism diopters in primary position and at least 4 prism diopters in abduction by prism and alternate cover test (PACT) during distance fixation. A minimum follow-up of 4–6 weeks was required. Age at surgery, etiology, presence of head tilt, motor alignment in primary and secondary gaze positions at distance and near using PACT, versions, ductions, and torsion were recorded from the patients’ chart. Results: Seven patients with SOP were included in this study. Four (57.14{\%}) males, with a mean age at presentation of 41.86 years (range: 6–66 years). Mean follow-up was 13.25 months (range: 1.3–52.2 months). A decrease in mean central gaze hypertropia from 11.4 to 1.71 PD was found. A mean contralateral gaze hypertropia that decreased from 22.28 to 5.71 PD and an ipsilateral gaze hypertropia that improved from 5.86 to 1.14 PD were also noted. Torsion had a mean change of 3.4° of incyclodeviation at the final examination. Conclusions: This study confirms the efficacy of isolated maximal IO recession for the treatment of unilateral SOP that is accompanied by a modest hypertropia of the paretic eye in abduction.",
keywords = "Superior oblique palsy, superior rectus contracture, torsion",
author = "Torrado, {Laura A.} and Brodsky, {Michael C}",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1080/2576117X.2018.1554931",
language = "English (US)",
journal = "Journal of Binocular Vision and Ocular Motility",
issn = "2576-117X",
publisher = "Taylor and Francis Ltd.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Superior Oblique Palsy

T2 - Efficacy of Isolated Inferior Oblique Recession in Cases with Ipsilateral Hypertropia in Abduction

AU - Torrado, Laura A.

AU - Brodsky, Michael C

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Purpose: To evaluate the effects of isolated inferior oblique (IO) muscle recession in patients with superior oblique palsy (SOP) and persistent hypertropia in abduction. Methods: Retrospective review of patients with unilateral SOP who were treated with isolated IO recession by a single surgeon (MCB) between January 2008 and December 2017. We included patients with congenital and acquired fourth nerve palsies, with a hyperdeviation of less than 20 prism diopters in primary position and at least 4 prism diopters in abduction by prism and alternate cover test (PACT) during distance fixation. A minimum follow-up of 4–6 weeks was required. Age at surgery, etiology, presence of head tilt, motor alignment in primary and secondary gaze positions at distance and near using PACT, versions, ductions, and torsion were recorded from the patients’ chart. Results: Seven patients with SOP were included in this study. Four (57.14%) males, with a mean age at presentation of 41.86 years (range: 6–66 years). Mean follow-up was 13.25 months (range: 1.3–52.2 months). A decrease in mean central gaze hypertropia from 11.4 to 1.71 PD was found. A mean contralateral gaze hypertropia that decreased from 22.28 to 5.71 PD and an ipsilateral gaze hypertropia that improved from 5.86 to 1.14 PD were also noted. Torsion had a mean change of 3.4° of incyclodeviation at the final examination. Conclusions: This study confirms the efficacy of isolated maximal IO recession for the treatment of unilateral SOP that is accompanied by a modest hypertropia of the paretic eye in abduction.

AB - Purpose: To evaluate the effects of isolated inferior oblique (IO) muscle recession in patients with superior oblique palsy (SOP) and persistent hypertropia in abduction. Methods: Retrospective review of patients with unilateral SOP who were treated with isolated IO recession by a single surgeon (MCB) between January 2008 and December 2017. We included patients with congenital and acquired fourth nerve palsies, with a hyperdeviation of less than 20 prism diopters in primary position and at least 4 prism diopters in abduction by prism and alternate cover test (PACT) during distance fixation. A minimum follow-up of 4–6 weeks was required. Age at surgery, etiology, presence of head tilt, motor alignment in primary and secondary gaze positions at distance and near using PACT, versions, ductions, and torsion were recorded from the patients’ chart. Results: Seven patients with SOP were included in this study. Four (57.14%) males, with a mean age at presentation of 41.86 years (range: 6–66 years). Mean follow-up was 13.25 months (range: 1.3–52.2 months). A decrease in mean central gaze hypertropia from 11.4 to 1.71 PD was found. A mean contralateral gaze hypertropia that decreased from 22.28 to 5.71 PD and an ipsilateral gaze hypertropia that improved from 5.86 to 1.14 PD were also noted. Torsion had a mean change of 3.4° of incyclodeviation at the final examination. Conclusions: This study confirms the efficacy of isolated maximal IO recession for the treatment of unilateral SOP that is accompanied by a modest hypertropia of the paretic eye in abduction.

KW - Superior oblique palsy

KW - superior rectus contracture

KW - torsion

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85059696495&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85059696495&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/2576117X.2018.1554931

DO - 10.1080/2576117X.2018.1554931

M3 - Article

C2 - 30615559

AN - SCOPUS:85059696495

JO - Journal of Binocular Vision and Ocular Motility

JF - Journal of Binocular Vision and Ocular Motility

SN - 2576-117X

ER -