18F-FDG PET/CT and MRI features of myxoid liposarcomas and intramuscular myxomas

Brendan W. Lunn, Laurel A. Littrell, Doris E. Wenger, Stephen Broski

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To examine the imaging characteristics of intramuscular myxomas (IM) and myxoid liposarcomas (MLS) on 18F-FDG PET/CT and MRI. Materials and methods: With IRB approval, our institutional imaging database was searched for pathologically proven IM and MLS evaluated by 18F-FDG PET/CT and MRI. PET/CT and MRI imaging characteristics were recorded and correlated with pathologic diagnosis. Results: We found eight patients (2 M, 6 F) with IM (mean age 65.6 ± 10.4 years) and 16 patients (7 F, 9 M) with MLS (mean age 42.8 ± 16.3 years). MRI was available in 7/8 IM and 15/16 MLS patients. There was no significant difference between the two groups in SUVmax (IM 2.7 ± 0.8, MLS 3.0 ± 1.0; p = 0.35), SUVmean (1.7 ± 0.4, 1.5 ± 0.5; p = 0.40), total lesion glycolysis (101.8 ± 127.3, 2420.2 ± 4003.3 cm3*g/ml; p = 0.12), metabolic tumor volume (62.3 ± 71.1, 1742.9 ± 3308.0 cm3; p = 0.17) or CT attenuation (p = 0.70). MLS occurred in younger patients (p = 0.0015), were larger (16.4 ± 8.2 vs. 5.6 ± 2.5 cm; p = 0.0015), more often T1 hyperintense (p = 0.03), with nodular enhancement (p = 0.006), and macroscopic fat on CT (p = 0.0013) and MRI (p = < 0.001) compared to myxomas. Conclusions: IM and MLS most commonly demonstrate low-grade FDG activity and overlapping metabolic measures on PET/CT. MRI is useful in differentiation, but MLS can present without macroscopic fat on MRI, underscoring the importance of radiologic-pathologic correlation for accurate diagnosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-10
Number of pages10
JournalSkeletal Radiology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jun 20 2018

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Keywords

  • MRI
  • Myxoid liposarcoma
  • Myxoma
  • PET

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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