Relapse is the major cause of treatment failure after allogeneic transplantation of children with juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia (JMML), and the role of post-transplant immunomodulation is poorly understood. We report a 12-month-old child with JMML relapsed after unrelated marrow transplantation who received cytoreduction followed by donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) with improvement, and after addition of interferon-alpha (IFN) achieved complete donor chimerism. He was weaned from IFN and has maintained complete remission for 19 months. This is the first published report of a patient with non-monosomy-7 JMML responding to post-transplant immunomodulation and suggests a role for DLI plus IFN in these patients.
- Allogeneic stem cell transplantation
- Donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI)
- Graft-versus-leukemia (GVL)
- Juvenile myleomonocytic leukemia (JMML)
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