Objectives: The goal of this study was to evaluate the benefit of sublesional bevacizumab injection for recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (RRP) as used in a typical clinical practice. Methods: A retrospective review of patients with RRP treated between 2011 and 2016 was undertaken. All patients were treated with in-office potassium titanyl phosphate (KTP) laser photoablation. Sublesional bevacizumab injection was used based on joint patient-physician decision making. Papilloma burden was objectively measured on prior recordings by 2 blinded reviewers and described as vocal fold segments affected (VFSA) by papilloma. Each patient served as their own control by comparing times when bevacizumab was or was not used. Mixed model for longitudinal data was used to determine if the previous use of bevacizumab decreased the disease burden. Results: A total of 19 patients met inclusion criteria and all prior laryngoscopic exams were reviewed for VFSA as described above. The mean (SD) number of VFSA when bevacizumab was not used at the prior procedure was 15 (14) as compared to 8 (11) when bevacizumab was used. When adjusted for age, time from initial presentation and baseline disease burden, mixed model showed a decrease of 11 VFSA (95% CI 6.5, 15.5, P <.0001) when bevacizumab was used as compared to when bevacizumab was not used at the prior procedure. In mixed model analysis, there was not a significant association between bevacizumab dose used and VFSA at the subsequent visit (P =.8). Conclusion: Using sublesional bevacizumab intermittently based on clinical findings appears to be effective in improving disease control. Papilloma burden is significantly decreased at the subsequent clinical follow-up following injection of sublesional bevacizumab. The beneficial effect of sublesional bevacizumab may be not be dose-dependent.
- recurrent respiratory papillomatosis
- sublesional bevacizumab
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