Subcutaneous granuloma annulare: Radiologic appearance

Mark J. Kransdorf, Mark D. Murphey, H. Thomas Temple

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective. Granuloma annulare is an uncommon benign inflammatory dermatosis characterized by the formation of dermal papules with a tendency to form rings. There are several clinically distinct forms, The subcutaneous form is the most frequently encountered by radiologists, with the lesion presenting as a superficial mass. There are only a few scattered reports of the imaging appearance of this entity in the literature. We report the radiologic appearance of five cases of subcutaneous granuloma annulare. Design and patients. The radiologic images of five patients (three male, two female) with subcutaneous granuloma annulare were retrospectively studied. Mean patient age was 6.4 years (range, 2-13 years). The lesions occurred in the lower leg (two), foot, forearm, and hand. MR images were available for all lesions, gadoliniumenhanced imaging in three cases, radiographs in four, and bone scintigraphy in one. Results. Radiographs showed unmineralized nodular masses localized to the subcutaneous adipose tissue. The size range, in greatest dimension on imaging studies, was 1-4 cm. MR images show a mass with relatively decreased signal intensity on all pulse sequences, with variable but generally relatively well defined margins. There was extensive diffuse enhancement following gadolinium administration. Conclusion. The radiologic appearance of subcutaneous granuloma annulare is characteristic, typically demonstrating a nodular soft-tissue mass involving the subcutaneous adipose tissue. MR images show a mass with relatively decreased signal intensity on all pulse sequences and variable but generally well defined margins. There is extensive diffuse enhancement following gadolinium administration. Radiographs show a soft-tissue mass or soft-tissue swelling without evidence of bone involvement or mineralization. This radiologic appearance in a young individual is highly suggestive of subcutaneous granuloma annulare.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)266-270
Number of pages5
JournalSkeletal Radiology
Volume27
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 1998

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Keywords

  • Granuloma annulare
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Pseudo-rheumatoid nodule
  • Rheumatoid nodule
  • Soft-tissue tumors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Cite this

Kransdorf, M. J., Murphey, M. D., & Temple, H. T. (1998). Subcutaneous granuloma annulare: Radiologic appearance. Skeletal Radiology, 27(5), 266-270. https://doi.org/10.1007/s002560050379