Subarachnoid hemorrhage incidence in the united states does not vary with season or temperature

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Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Previous studies have suggested seasonal variations in rates of spontaneous rupture of intracranial aneurysms, leading to potentially devastating SAH. In an effort to identify a seasonal effect, variation in SAH incidence and in-hospital mortality rates were examined as they relate to admission month, temperature, and climate using HCUP's Nationwide Inpatient Sample. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cases of nontraumatic SAH and subsequent in-hospital mortality were extracted from the 2001-2008 NIS and associated with month of occurrence, local average monthly temperatures, and USDA climate zone. Multivariate regression analysis was used to study how admission month, temperature, and climate affected SAH admission and mortality rates. RESULTS: Among 57,663,486 hospital admissions from the 2001-2008 NIS, 52,379 cases of spontaneous SAH (ICD-9-CM 430) and 13,272 cases of subsequent in-hospital mortality were identified. SAH incidence and in-hospital mortality rates were not significantly correlated with a monthly/seasonal effect (incidence, χ2 = 2.94, P = .99; mortality, χ2 = 6.91, P = .81). However, SAH incidence significantly varied with climate (P < .0001, zones 11 and 7) but not with temperature (P = .1453), whereas average monthly temperature and climate had no significant correlation with in-hospital mortality (temperature, P = .3005; climate, P = .0863). CONCLUSIONS: We identified no significant monthly or temperature-related effect in the incidence of SAH. Our data suggest that certain climate zones within the United States may be associated with significantly different SAH incidence, but the origins of these differences remain unclear and are probably unrelated to meteorologic variables.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1663-1668
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Neuroradiology
Volume33
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2012

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Subarachnoid Hemorrhage
Climate
Hospital Mortality
Temperature
Incidence
Mortality
United States Department of Agriculture
Spontaneous Rupture
Intracranial Aneurysm
International Classification of Diseases
Inpatients
Multivariate Analysis
Regression Analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology
  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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Subarachnoid hemorrhage incidence in the united states does not vary with season or temperature. / McDonald, Robert; McDonald, Jennifer S; Bida, J. P.; Kallmes, David F; Cloft, H. J.

In: American Journal of Neuroradiology, Vol. 33, No. 9, 10.2012, p. 1663-1668.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Previous studies have suggested seasonal variations in rates of spontaneous rupture of intracranial aneurysms, leading to potentially devastating SAH. In an effort to identify a seasonal effect, variation in SAH incidence and in-hospital mortality rates were examined as they relate to admission month, temperature, and climate using HCUP's Nationwide Inpatient Sample. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cases of nontraumatic SAH and subsequent in-hospital mortality were extracted from the 2001-2008 NIS and associated with month of occurrence, local average monthly temperatures, and USDA climate zone. Multivariate regression analysis was used to study how admission month, temperature, and climate affected SAH admission and mortality rates. RESULTS: Among 57,663,486 hospital admissions from the 2001-2008 NIS, 52,379 cases of spontaneous SAH (ICD-9-CM 430) and 13,272 cases of subsequent in-hospital mortality were identified. SAH incidence and in-hospital mortality rates were not significantly correlated with a monthly/seasonal effect (incidence, χ2 = 2.94, P = .99; mortality, χ2 = 6.91, P = .81). However, SAH incidence significantly varied with climate (P < .0001, zones 11 and 7) but not with temperature (P = .1453), whereas average monthly temperature and climate had no significant correlation with in-hospital mortality (temperature, P = .3005; climate, P = .0863). CONCLUSIONS: We identified no significant monthly or temperature-related effect in the incidence of SAH. Our data suggest that certain climate zones within the United States may be associated with significantly different SAH incidence, but the origins of these differences remain unclear and are probably unrelated to meteorologic variables.",
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N2 - BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Previous studies have suggested seasonal variations in rates of spontaneous rupture of intracranial aneurysms, leading to potentially devastating SAH. In an effort to identify a seasonal effect, variation in SAH incidence and in-hospital mortality rates were examined as they relate to admission month, temperature, and climate using HCUP's Nationwide Inpatient Sample. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cases of nontraumatic SAH and subsequent in-hospital mortality were extracted from the 2001-2008 NIS and associated with month of occurrence, local average monthly temperatures, and USDA climate zone. Multivariate regression analysis was used to study how admission month, temperature, and climate affected SAH admission and mortality rates. RESULTS: Among 57,663,486 hospital admissions from the 2001-2008 NIS, 52,379 cases of spontaneous SAH (ICD-9-CM 430) and 13,272 cases of subsequent in-hospital mortality were identified. SAH incidence and in-hospital mortality rates were not significantly correlated with a monthly/seasonal effect (incidence, χ2 = 2.94, P = .99; mortality, χ2 = 6.91, P = .81). However, SAH incidence significantly varied with climate (P < .0001, zones 11 and 7) but not with temperature (P = .1453), whereas average monthly temperature and climate had no significant correlation with in-hospital mortality (temperature, P = .3005; climate, P = .0863). CONCLUSIONS: We identified no significant monthly or temperature-related effect in the incidence of SAH. Our data suggest that certain climate zones within the United States may be associated with significantly different SAH incidence, but the origins of these differences remain unclear and are probably unrelated to meteorologic variables.

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