Study of calmodulin binding to the alternatively spliced C-terminal domain of the plasma membrane Ca2+ pump

Felix Kessler, Rocco Falchetto, Roger Heim, Ruedi Meili, Thomas Vorherr, Emanuel E. Strehler, Ernesto Carafoli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The C-terminal regions of the four human plasma membrane Ca2+ pump isoforms 1a-d generated from alternatively spliced RNA have been expressed in Escherichia coli, and the recombinant proteins have been purified to a very high degree. The C-termini of isoforms 1a, 1c, and 1d contain an insert encoded by an alternatively spliced exon which is homologous to the calmodulin binding domain of isoform 1b. In isoforms 1c and 1d (29 and 38 amino acid insertions, respectively), subdomain A of the original calmodulin binding site of isoform 1b is followed by the spliced-in domain, which is then followed by subdomain B of the original calmodulin binding site. The positive charges of histidine residues at positions 27, 28, and 38 of the alternatively spliced sequence are likely to be responsible for the observed pH-dependent calmodulin binding to the novel "duplicated" binding site. The affinity of calmodulin for the C-terminal domains of isoforms 1a, 1c, and 1d, which contain the histidine-rich inserts, is much higher at pH 5.9 than at pH 7.2. A synthetic peptide (I31) containing 31 amino acids of the alternatively spliced sequence (from residue 9 to 40) also binds calmodulin with strong pH dependency. Alternative splicing in the C-terminal domain is proposed to confer pH dependence to the regulation of the activity of Ca2+ pump isoforms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)11785-11792
Number of pages8
JournalBiochemistry
Volume31
Issue number47
StatePublished - 1992
Externally publishedYes

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Calmodulin
Cell membranes
Protein Isoforms
Cell Membrane
Pumps
Binding Sites
Histidine
Amino Acids
Escherichia coli Proteins
Alternative Splicing
Recombinant Proteins
Escherichia coli
Exons
RNA
Peptides

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

Kessler, F., Falchetto, R., Heim, R., Meili, R., Vorherr, T., Strehler, E. E., & Carafoli, E. (1992). Study of calmodulin binding to the alternatively spliced C-terminal domain of the plasma membrane Ca2+ pump. Biochemistry, 31(47), 11785-11792.

Study of calmodulin binding to the alternatively spliced C-terminal domain of the plasma membrane Ca2+ pump. / Kessler, Felix; Falchetto, Rocco; Heim, Roger; Meili, Ruedi; Vorherr, Thomas; Strehler, Emanuel E.; Carafoli, Ernesto.

In: Biochemistry, Vol. 31, No. 47, 1992, p. 11785-11792.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kessler, F, Falchetto, R, Heim, R, Meili, R, Vorherr, T, Strehler, EE & Carafoli, E 1992, 'Study of calmodulin binding to the alternatively spliced C-terminal domain of the plasma membrane Ca2+ pump', Biochemistry, vol. 31, no. 47, pp. 11785-11792.
Kessler F, Falchetto R, Heim R, Meili R, Vorherr T, Strehler EE et al. Study of calmodulin binding to the alternatively spliced C-terminal domain of the plasma membrane Ca2+ pump. Biochemistry. 1992;31(47):11785-11792.
Kessler, Felix ; Falchetto, Rocco ; Heim, Roger ; Meili, Ruedi ; Vorherr, Thomas ; Strehler, Emanuel E. ; Carafoli, Ernesto. / Study of calmodulin binding to the alternatively spliced C-terminal domain of the plasma membrane Ca2+ pump. In: Biochemistry. 1992 ; Vol. 31, No. 47. pp. 11785-11792.
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