Structural studies of kinesin-nucleotide intermediates

Steven S. Rosenfeld, John J. Correia, Jun Xing, Brenda Rener, Herbert C. Cheung

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have investigated the structural changes that occur in the molecular motor kinesin during its ATPase cycle, utilizing two bacterially expressed constructs. The structure of both constructs has been examined as a function of the nature of the nucleotide intermediate occupying the active site by means of sedimentation velocity, sedimentation equilibrium, fluorescence solute quenching, fluorescence anisotropy decay, and limited proteolysis. While the molecular weight of monomeric and dimeric human kinesin constructs, as measured by sedimentation velocity and sedimentation equilibrium, and the tryptic cleavage pattern are unaffected by the nucleotide intermediate occupying the active site, significant changes in the rotational correlation time of fluorescently labeled kinesin-nucleotide intermediates can be detected. These results suggest that kinesin contains an internal 'hinge' whose flexibility varies through the course of the ATPase cycle. In prehydrolytic, 'strong' binding states, this hinge is relatively rigid, while in posthydrolytic, 'weak' binding states, it is more flexible. Our results, in conjunction with anisotropy decay studies of myosin, suggest that these two molecular motors may share a common structural feature; viz. weak binding states are characterized by segmental flexibility, which is lost upon assumption of a strong binding conformation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)30212-30221
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume271
Issue number47
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 30 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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