Structural basis of the different gating kinetics of fetal and adult acetylcholine receptors

Cecilia Bouzat, Nina Bren, Steven M. Sine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

125 Scopus citations

Abstract

Structure-function studies have identified key functional motifs in the acetylcholine receptor, including residues that contribute to the ion channel and to the ligand-binding sites. Little is known, however, about determinants of channel gating kinetics. To identify structural correlates of gating, we examined the structual basis of the fetal-to-adult decrease in channel open time conferred by the presence of the s subunit in place of the γ subunit. By constructing chimeras composed of segments of the ε{lunate} and γ subunits, we show that the main determinant of this kinetic change is a 30 residue segment of a predicted amphipathic helix located between transmembrane domains M3 and M4. Further subdividing the amphipathic helix revealed that either multiple residues or its overall conformation confers this regulation of channel kinetics. We also show that L440 and M442, conserved residues within M4 of the γ subunit, contribute to long duration openings characteristic of the fetal receptor.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1395-1402
Number of pages8
JournalNeuron
Volume13
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

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