In vitro microenvironmental influences seem to be critical for both B lymphocyte and myeloid differentiation. Studies on murine Dexter cultures and Whitlock-Witte lymphocyte cultures suggest the presence of two critical stromal regulatory cells: an alkaline-phosphatase-positive epithelioid cell and a macrophage. Further data suggest that these cells are capable of producing colony stimulating factor-1, granulocyte-macrophage CSF, a myeloid synergizing activity, and probably separate B cell growth factors. Isolation of a cell line from Dexter stroma was accomplished and this line produced CSF-1, GM-CSF, a pre-B cell and myeloid synergizing activity, and an activity acting on differentiated B cells. We speculate that the Dexter and Whitlock-Witte in vitro culture systems are regulated by factors produced by the two adherent cell types. A lineage nonspecific factor capable of inducing cells into the B lineage or synergizing with interleukin-3, GM-CSF, and CSF-1 is produced, which presumably acts on early stem cells. In addition, the cell line produces GM-CSF, CSF-1, and a factor acting on differentiated B cells. We speculte that in these culture systems, these 'terminal differentiating hormones' regulate the final pathway of differentiation, whereas the pre-B-synergizing activity supports early stem cells that can then respond to the other differentiating hormones.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||10|
|State||Published - Nov 4 1987|
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