Purpose The aim of the study was to determine the incidence of local displacement, distant seed migration to the chest, and seed loss after permanent prostate brachytherapy (PPB) with stranded seeds (SSs) using sequential two-dimensional fluoroscopic pelvic and chest x-rays. Methods and Materials Between October 2010 and April 2014, a total of 137 patients underwent PPB and 4-month followup pelvic and chest x-ray imaging. All patients had exclusively SSs placed and an immediate postimplant fluoroscopic image of the seed cluster. Followup x-ray images were evaluated for the number, location, and displacement of seeds in comparison to Day 0 fluoroscopic images. Significant seed displacement was defined as seed displacement >1 cm from the seed cluster. Followup chest x-rays were evaluated for seed migration to the chest. Results Seed migration to the chest occurred in 3 of the 137 patients (2%). Seed loss occurred in 38 of the 137 patients (28%), with median loss of one seed (range, 1–16), and total seeds loss of 104 of 10,088 (1.0%) implanted. Local seed displacement was seen in 12 of the 137 patients (8.8%), and total seeds displaced were 0.15% (15/10,088). Conclusions SS placement in PPB is associated with low rates of substantial seed loss, local displacement, or migration to the chest. Comparing immediate postimplant fluoroscopic images to followup plain x-ray images is a straightforward method to supplement quality assurance in PPB and was found to be useful in identifying cases where seed loss was potentially of clinical significance.
- Seed migration
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging