Stoichiometry for activation of neuronal α7 nicotinic receptors

Natalia Andersen, Jeremías Corradi, Steven M Sine, Cecilia Bouzat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

37 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Neuronal α7 nicotinic receptors elicit rapid cation influx in response to acetylcholine (ACh) or its hydrolysis product choline. They contribute to cognition, synaptic plasticity, and neuroprotection and have been implicated in neurodegenerative and neuropsychiatric disorders. α7, however, often localizes distal to sites of nerve-released ACh and binds ACh with low affinity, and thus elicits its biological response with low agonist occupancy. To assess the function of α7 when ACh occupies fewer than five of its identical binding sites, we measured the open-channel lifetime of individual receptors in which four of the five ACh binding sites were disabled. To improve the time resolution of the inherently brief α7 channel openings, background mutations or a potentiator was used to increase open duration. We find that, in receptors with only one intact binding site, the open-channel lifetime is indistinguishable from receptors with five intact binding sites, counter to expectations from prototypical neurotransmitter-gated ion channels where the open-channel lifetime increases with the number of binding sites occupied by agonist. Replacing the membrane- embedded domain of α7 by that of the related 5-HT3A receptor increases the number of sites that need to be occupied to achieve the maximal open-channel lifetime, thus revealing a unique interdependence between the detector and actuator domains of these receptors. The distinctive ability of a single occupancy to elicit a full biological response adapts α7 to volume transmission, a prevalent mechanism of ACh-mediated signaling in the nervous system and nonneuronal cells.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)20819-20824
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume110
Issue number51
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 17 2013

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Nicotinic Receptors
Acetylcholine
Binding Sites
Neuronal Plasticity
Aptitude
Choline
Ion Channels
Neurodegenerative Diseases
Cognition
Nervous System
Neurotransmitter Agents
Cations
Hydrolysis
Mutation
Membranes

Keywords

  • α7 nicotinic receptor
  • Agonist binding site
  • Channel gating
  • Cys-loop receptors
  • Patch-clamp

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Stoichiometry for activation of neuronal α7 nicotinic receptors. / Andersen, Natalia; Corradi, Jeremías; Sine, Steven M; Bouzat, Cecilia.

In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, Vol. 110, No. 51, 17.12.2013, p. 20819-20824.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Andersen, Natalia ; Corradi, Jeremías ; Sine, Steven M ; Bouzat, Cecilia. / Stoichiometry for activation of neuronal α7 nicotinic receptors. In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 2013 ; Vol. 110, No. 51. pp. 20819-20824.
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