Stimulation of the β2 integrin α(M)β2, triggers tyrosine phosphorylation and cellular degranulation on human eosinophils

Masahiko Kato, Hirohito Kita, Hirokazu Kimura, Atsushi Tachibana, Youichi Motegi, Kenichi Tokuyama, Akihiro Morikawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Activation of human eosinophils by specific extracellular stimuli triggers the cellular degranulation response. Because cellular adhesion is critical for this eosinophil degranulation, we have tested the hypothesis that ligation of the β2 integrin, α(M)β2 (Mac-1, CD11b/CD18), leads to intracellular signaling events that contribute to the eosinophil activation response. Recently, we found that engagement of β2 integrin using two different approaches, such as cell adhesion induced by IL-5 or direct ligation of α(M)β2, triggered tyrosine phosphorylation of Cbl, the product of the c-cbl proto-oncogene, paxillin, a cytoskeletal protein, an unidentified 115-kD protein, and subsequent cellular degranulation. The results of this study indicate that engagement of α(M)β2 on eosinophils triggers an intracellular signaling cascade leading to cellular degranulation. Tyrosine phosphorylation of Cbl, paxillin, and a 115-kD protein may play important roles in adhesion-dependent cellular functions of eosinophils. Copyright (C) 2000 S. Karger AG, Basel.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)33-35
Number of pages3
JournalInternational archives of allergy and immunology
Volume122
Issue numberSUPPL. 1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2000

Keywords

  • Degranulation
  • Eosinophil
  • Integrin
  • Signal transduction
  • Tyrosine kinase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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