Stimulation of glycogen synthesis by proglycosyn (LY177507) by isolated hepatocytes of normal and streptozotocin diabetic rats

Z. K. Guo, P. A. Wals, J. Katz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The phenacylimidazolium compound LY177507 was shown by Harris et al. (Harris, R. A., Yamanuchi, K., Roach, P. J., Yen, T. T., Dominiani, S. J., and Stephens, T. W. (1989) J. Biol. Chem. 264, 14674-14680) to stimulate glycogen synthesis greatly in isolated rat hepatocytes. We extended studies with this compound, designated proglycosyn (Yamaguchi, K., Stephens, T. W., Chikadar, K., Depaoli-Roach, A., and Harris, R. A. (1991) Diabetes 40, (Suppl. 1) 102 (abstr.)) employing hepatocytes from normal and streptozotocin diabetic rats. Proglycosyn is more effective than amino acids in stimulating glycogen synthesis. In cells incubated with glucose, lactate, or dihydroxyacetone the effect of glutamine and proglycosyn was synergistic. In cells incubated with glucose plus lactate, or glucose plus dihydroxyacetone, the stimulation by the two agonists was additive. Proglycosyn diverted the gluconeogenic flux from glucose to glycogen. The maximal rates of glycogen deposition attained in the presence of glutamine and proglycosyn from cells incubated with glucose plus lactate, or glucose plus dihydroxyacetone, where about 80 and 110 μmol/h/g of liver, respectively. Proglycosyn depressed glycogenolysis in hepatocytes of fed rats and stimulated glycogen synthesis from lactate and dihydroxyacetone. The incorporation of [U-14C]glucose and [U-14C]lactate in these cells occurred in the presence of glycogen breakdown or exceeded net production, indicating the occurrence of recycling of glycogen in hepatocytes of fed rats. Hepatocytes from fasted streptozotocin diabetic rats contained high levels of glycogen. Glycogenolysis was markedly depressed by proglycosyn. Glycogen synthesis from lactate and dihydroxyacetone in these cells was stimulated by glutamine and proglycosyn in a fashion similar to that in cells from fasted control rats, and the rates of glycogen synthesis were similar in cells of control and diabetic rats. With glucose as sole substrate, glutamine did not stimulate glycogen synthesis. When both agonists were present, there was a marked synergism and substantial glycogen formation. Streptozotocin diabetic rats prior to the onset of cachexia have a normal capacity for glycogen synthesis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)22323-22327
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume266
Issue number33
StatePublished - 1991
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

proglycosyn
Streptozocin
Glycogen
Rats
Hepatocytes
Dihydroxyacetone
Glucose
Lactic Acid
Glutamine
Glycogenolysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

Stimulation of glycogen synthesis by proglycosyn (LY177507) by isolated hepatocytes of normal and streptozotocin diabetic rats. / Guo, Z. K.; Wals, P. A.; Katz, J.

In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol. 266, No. 33, 1991, p. 22323-22327.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{6ac82dcd091f4ae6af5aef3e1c3e6e7e,
title = "Stimulation of glycogen synthesis by proglycosyn (LY177507) by isolated hepatocytes of normal and streptozotocin diabetic rats",
abstract = "The phenacylimidazolium compound LY177507 was shown by Harris et al. (Harris, R. A., Yamanuchi, K., Roach, P. J., Yen, T. T., Dominiani, S. J., and Stephens, T. W. (1989) J. Biol. Chem. 264, 14674-14680) to stimulate glycogen synthesis greatly in isolated rat hepatocytes. We extended studies with this compound, designated proglycosyn (Yamaguchi, K., Stephens, T. W., Chikadar, K., Depaoli-Roach, A., and Harris, R. A. (1991) Diabetes 40, (Suppl. 1) 102 (abstr.)) employing hepatocytes from normal and streptozotocin diabetic rats. Proglycosyn is more effective than amino acids in stimulating glycogen synthesis. In cells incubated with glucose, lactate, or dihydroxyacetone the effect of glutamine and proglycosyn was synergistic. In cells incubated with glucose plus lactate, or glucose plus dihydroxyacetone, the stimulation by the two agonists was additive. Proglycosyn diverted the gluconeogenic flux from glucose to glycogen. The maximal rates of glycogen deposition attained in the presence of glutamine and proglycosyn from cells incubated with glucose plus lactate, or glucose plus dihydroxyacetone, where about 80 and 110 μmol/h/g of liver, respectively. Proglycosyn depressed glycogenolysis in hepatocytes of fed rats and stimulated glycogen synthesis from lactate and dihydroxyacetone. The incorporation of [U-14C]glucose and [U-14C]lactate in these cells occurred in the presence of glycogen breakdown or exceeded net production, indicating the occurrence of recycling of glycogen in hepatocytes of fed rats. Hepatocytes from fasted streptozotocin diabetic rats contained high levels of glycogen. Glycogenolysis was markedly depressed by proglycosyn. Glycogen synthesis from lactate and dihydroxyacetone in these cells was stimulated by glutamine and proglycosyn in a fashion similar to that in cells from fasted control rats, and the rates of glycogen synthesis were similar in cells of control and diabetic rats. With glucose as sole substrate, glutamine did not stimulate glycogen synthesis. When both agonists were present, there was a marked synergism and substantial glycogen formation. Streptozotocin diabetic rats prior to the onset of cachexia have a normal capacity for glycogen synthesis.",
author = "Guo, {Z. K.} and Wals, {P. A.} and J. Katz",
year = "1991",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "266",
pages = "22323--22327",
journal = "Journal of Biological Chemistry",
issn = "0021-9258",
publisher = "American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Inc.",
number = "33",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Stimulation of glycogen synthesis by proglycosyn (LY177507) by isolated hepatocytes of normal and streptozotocin diabetic rats

AU - Guo, Z. K.

AU - Wals, P. A.

AU - Katz, J.

PY - 1991

Y1 - 1991

N2 - The phenacylimidazolium compound LY177507 was shown by Harris et al. (Harris, R. A., Yamanuchi, K., Roach, P. J., Yen, T. T., Dominiani, S. J., and Stephens, T. W. (1989) J. Biol. Chem. 264, 14674-14680) to stimulate glycogen synthesis greatly in isolated rat hepatocytes. We extended studies with this compound, designated proglycosyn (Yamaguchi, K., Stephens, T. W., Chikadar, K., Depaoli-Roach, A., and Harris, R. A. (1991) Diabetes 40, (Suppl. 1) 102 (abstr.)) employing hepatocytes from normal and streptozotocin diabetic rats. Proglycosyn is more effective than amino acids in stimulating glycogen synthesis. In cells incubated with glucose, lactate, or dihydroxyacetone the effect of glutamine and proglycosyn was synergistic. In cells incubated with glucose plus lactate, or glucose plus dihydroxyacetone, the stimulation by the two agonists was additive. Proglycosyn diverted the gluconeogenic flux from glucose to glycogen. The maximal rates of glycogen deposition attained in the presence of glutamine and proglycosyn from cells incubated with glucose plus lactate, or glucose plus dihydroxyacetone, where about 80 and 110 μmol/h/g of liver, respectively. Proglycosyn depressed glycogenolysis in hepatocytes of fed rats and stimulated glycogen synthesis from lactate and dihydroxyacetone. The incorporation of [U-14C]glucose and [U-14C]lactate in these cells occurred in the presence of glycogen breakdown or exceeded net production, indicating the occurrence of recycling of glycogen in hepatocytes of fed rats. Hepatocytes from fasted streptozotocin diabetic rats contained high levels of glycogen. Glycogenolysis was markedly depressed by proglycosyn. Glycogen synthesis from lactate and dihydroxyacetone in these cells was stimulated by glutamine and proglycosyn in a fashion similar to that in cells from fasted control rats, and the rates of glycogen synthesis were similar in cells of control and diabetic rats. With glucose as sole substrate, glutamine did not stimulate glycogen synthesis. When both agonists were present, there was a marked synergism and substantial glycogen formation. Streptozotocin diabetic rats prior to the onset of cachexia have a normal capacity for glycogen synthesis.

AB - The phenacylimidazolium compound LY177507 was shown by Harris et al. (Harris, R. A., Yamanuchi, K., Roach, P. J., Yen, T. T., Dominiani, S. J., and Stephens, T. W. (1989) J. Biol. Chem. 264, 14674-14680) to stimulate glycogen synthesis greatly in isolated rat hepatocytes. We extended studies with this compound, designated proglycosyn (Yamaguchi, K., Stephens, T. W., Chikadar, K., Depaoli-Roach, A., and Harris, R. A. (1991) Diabetes 40, (Suppl. 1) 102 (abstr.)) employing hepatocytes from normal and streptozotocin diabetic rats. Proglycosyn is more effective than amino acids in stimulating glycogen synthesis. In cells incubated with glucose, lactate, or dihydroxyacetone the effect of glutamine and proglycosyn was synergistic. In cells incubated with glucose plus lactate, or glucose plus dihydroxyacetone, the stimulation by the two agonists was additive. Proglycosyn diverted the gluconeogenic flux from glucose to glycogen. The maximal rates of glycogen deposition attained in the presence of glutamine and proglycosyn from cells incubated with glucose plus lactate, or glucose plus dihydroxyacetone, where about 80 and 110 μmol/h/g of liver, respectively. Proglycosyn depressed glycogenolysis in hepatocytes of fed rats and stimulated glycogen synthesis from lactate and dihydroxyacetone. The incorporation of [U-14C]glucose and [U-14C]lactate in these cells occurred in the presence of glycogen breakdown or exceeded net production, indicating the occurrence of recycling of glycogen in hepatocytes of fed rats. Hepatocytes from fasted streptozotocin diabetic rats contained high levels of glycogen. Glycogenolysis was markedly depressed by proglycosyn. Glycogen synthesis from lactate and dihydroxyacetone in these cells was stimulated by glutamine and proglycosyn in a fashion similar to that in cells from fasted control rats, and the rates of glycogen synthesis were similar in cells of control and diabetic rats. With glucose as sole substrate, glutamine did not stimulate glycogen synthesis. When both agonists were present, there was a marked synergism and substantial glycogen formation. Streptozotocin diabetic rats prior to the onset of cachexia have a normal capacity for glycogen synthesis.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0025746674&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0025746674&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 266

SP - 22323

EP - 22327

JO - Journal of Biological Chemistry

JF - Journal of Biological Chemistry

SN - 0021-9258

IS - 33

ER -