Stereospecific reaction of muscle fiber proteins with the 5′ or 6′ isomer of (iodoacetamido)tetramethylrhodamine

Katalin Ajtai, Predrag J K Ilich, András Ringler, Salah S. Sedarous, Daniel J. Toft, Thomas P Burghardt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The labeling of muscle fiber proteins with (iodoacetamido)tetramethylrhodamine (IATR) was reinvestigated with the purified 5′ or 6′ isomers of IATR. Both isomers modify the myosin heavy chain within the 20-kDa fragment of myosin subfragment 1 (S1) but with different rates, and only the 5′-IATR alters K+-EDTA- and Ca2+-activated ATPases. Absorption spectroscopic and ATPase studies of probe stoichiometry indicate that for 5′-IATR there are two probes per myosin sulfhydryl 1 (SH1). Quantitative fluorograms of the SDS-PAGE gels confirm that there are one covalent and one noncovalent probe per SH1 when S1 is labeled with 5′-IATR (5′-IATR-S1) and that there are one covalent and two noncovalent probes per S1 when S1 is labeled with 6′-IATR (6′-IATR-S1). The 5′- and 6′-IATR probes have similar fluorescent lifetimes when bound to S1, but quenching studies with potassium iodide show that 5′-IATR-S1 has a single class of strongly bound chromophores while 6′-IATR-S1 has two or more classes of chromophores. It is possible that 5′-IATR labels SH1 as a dimer. The polarization anisotropies of 5′- and 6′-IATR-S1 indicate that 5′-IATR is immobilized, while 6′-IATR is moving independently, on the surface of S1. The emission spectrum from 5′-IATR-S1 is unaffected by the addition of MgATP, while 6′-IATR-S1 shows a spectral shift and total intensity change. When labeling muscle fibers, 5′-IATR labels myosin SH1 and differentiates between the fiber physiological states by indicating cross-bridge rotation in quantitative agreement with previous results [Burghardt et al. (1983) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 80, 7515]. 6′-IATR reacts preferentially with actin in muscle fibers and does not differentiate between fiber physiological states as expected for an actin probe. The stereospecificity of the rhodamine isomers for SH1 indicates features of the local protein structure. The experimental results are used with theoretical methods for determining molecular structure to suggest a qualitative scheme for the specific interaction of 5′-IATR with its binding pocket on the surface of S1.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)12431-12440
Number of pages10
JournalBiochemistry
Volume31
Issue number49
StatePublished - 1992

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Muscle Proteins
Isomers
Muscle
Fibers
Proteins
tetramethylrhodamine
Myosins
Chromophores
Labeling
Adenosine Triphosphatases
Labels
Actins
Myosin Subfragments
Potassium Iodide
Muscles
Rhodamines
Calcium-Transporting ATPases
Myosin Heavy Chains

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

Ajtai, K., Ilich, P. J. K., Ringler, A., Sedarous, S. S., Toft, D. J., & Burghardt, T. P. (1992). Stereospecific reaction of muscle fiber proteins with the 5′ or 6′ isomer of (iodoacetamido)tetramethylrhodamine. Biochemistry, 31(49), 12431-12440.

Stereospecific reaction of muscle fiber proteins with the 5′ or 6′ isomer of (iodoacetamido)tetramethylrhodamine. / Ajtai, Katalin; Ilich, Predrag J K; Ringler, András; Sedarous, Salah S.; Toft, Daniel J.; Burghardt, Thomas P.

In: Biochemistry, Vol. 31, No. 49, 1992, p. 12431-12440.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ajtai, K, Ilich, PJK, Ringler, A, Sedarous, SS, Toft, DJ & Burghardt, TP 1992, 'Stereospecific reaction of muscle fiber proteins with the 5′ or 6′ isomer of (iodoacetamido)tetramethylrhodamine', Biochemistry, vol. 31, no. 49, pp. 12431-12440.
Ajtai K, Ilich PJK, Ringler A, Sedarous SS, Toft DJ, Burghardt TP. Stereospecific reaction of muscle fiber proteins with the 5′ or 6′ isomer of (iodoacetamido)tetramethylrhodamine. Biochemistry. 1992;31(49):12431-12440.
Ajtai, Katalin ; Ilich, Predrag J K ; Ringler, András ; Sedarous, Salah S. ; Toft, Daniel J. ; Burghardt, Thomas P. / Stereospecific reaction of muscle fiber proteins with the 5′ or 6′ isomer of (iodoacetamido)tetramethylrhodamine. In: Biochemistry. 1992 ; Vol. 31, No. 49. pp. 12431-12440.
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