Stem cell therapies for treatment of liver disease

Clara Nicolas, Yujia Wang, Jennifer Luebke-Wheeler, Scott L. Nyberg

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cell therapy is an emerging form of treatment for several liver diseases, but is limited by the availability of donor livers. Stem cells hold promise as an alternative to the use of primary hepatocytes. We performed an exhaustive review of the literature, with a focus on the latest studies involving the use of stem cells for the treatment of liver disease. Stem cells can be harvested from a number of sources, or can be generated from somatic cells to create induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs). Different cell lines have been used experimentally to support liver function and treat inherited metabolic disorders, acute liver failure, cirrhosis, liver cancer, and small-for-size liver transplantations. Cell-based therapeutics may involve gene therapy, cell transplantation, bioartificial liver devices, or bioengineered organs. Research in this field is still very active. Stem cell therapy may, in the future, be used as a bridge to either liver transplantation or endogenous liver regeneration, but efficient differentiation and production protocols must be developed and safety must be demonstrated before it can be applied to clinical practice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2
JournalBiomedicines
Volume4
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2016

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Keywords

  • Bioartificial liver
  • Cell therapy
  • Cell transplant
  • Gene correction
  • Induced pluripotent stem cells
  • Liver disease
  • Regenerative medicine
  • Stem cell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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