Log compression of A lines to produce B-scan images in clinical ultrasound imaging systems is a standard procedure to control the dynamic range of the images. The statistics of such compressed images in terms of underlying scatterer statistics have not been derived. The statistics are analyzed for partially formed speckle using a general K distribution model of envelope statistics to derive the density function for the log-compressed envelope. This density function is used to elucidate the relation between the moments of the compressed envelope, the compression parameters, and the statistics of the scatterers. The analysis shows that the mean of the log-compressed envelope is an increasing function of both the backscattered energy and the effective scatterer density. The variance of the log-compressed envelope is a decreasing function of the effective scatterer density and is independent of the backscattered energy.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
- Acoustics and Ultrasonics