Statin Use, Diabetes Incidence and Overall Mortality in Normoglycemic and Impaired Fasting Glucose Patients

M. Regina Castro, Gyorgy Simon, Stephen S. Cha, Barbara P. Yawn, L. Joseph Melton, Pedro Caraballo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: The association between the use of statins and the risk of diabetes and increased mortality within the same population has been a source of controversy, and may underestimate the value of statins for patients at risk. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess whether statin use increases the risk of developing diabetes or affects overall mortality among normoglycemic patients and patients with impaired fasting glucose (IFG). DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: Observational cohort study of 13,508 normoglycemic patients (n = 4460; 33 % taking statins) and 4563 IFG patients (n = 1865; 41 % taking statin) among residents of Olmsted County, Minnesota, with clinical data in the Mayo Clinic electronic medical record and at least one outpatient fasting glucose test between 1999 and 2004. Demographics, vital signs, tobacco use, laboratory results, medications and comorbidities were obtained by electronic search for the period 1999–2004. Results were analyzed by Cox proportional hazards models, and the risk of incident diabetes and mortality were analyzed by survival curves using the Kaplan–Meier method. MAIN MEASURES: The main endpoints were new clinical diagnosis of diabetes mellitus and total mortality. KEY RESULTS: After a mean of 6 years of follow-up, statin use was found to be associated with an increased risk of incident diabetes in the normoglycemic (HR 1.19; 95 % CI, 1.05 to 1.35; p = 0.007) and IFG groups (HR 1.24; 95%CI, 1.11 to 1.38; p = 0.0001). At the same time, overall mortality decreased in both normoglycemic (HR 0.70; 95 % CI, 0.66 to 0.80; p <0.0001) and IFG patients (HR 0.77, 95 % CI, 0.64 to 0.91; p = 0.0029) with statin use. CONCLUSION: In general, recommendations for statin use should not be affected by concerns over an increased risk of developing diabetes, since the benefit of reduced mortality clearly outweighs this small (19–24 %) risk.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-7
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of General Internal Medicine
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Feb 5 2016

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Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors
Fasting
Glucose
Mortality
Incidence
Vital Signs
Electronic Health Records
Tobacco Use
Proportional Hazards Models
Observational Studies
Comorbidity
Diabetes Mellitus
Cohort Studies
Outpatients
Demography
Survival

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine

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Statin Use, Diabetes Incidence and Overall Mortality in Normoglycemic and Impaired Fasting Glucose Patients. / Castro, M. Regina; Simon, Gyorgy; Cha, Stephen S.; Yawn, Barbara P.; Melton, L. Joseph; Caraballo, Pedro.

In: Journal of General Internal Medicine, 05.02.2016, p. 1-7.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "BACKGROUND: The association between the use of statins and the risk of diabetes and increased mortality within the same population has been a source of controversy, and may underestimate the value of statins for patients at risk. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess whether statin use increases the risk of developing diabetes or affects overall mortality among normoglycemic patients and patients with impaired fasting glucose (IFG). DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: Observational cohort study of 13,508 normoglycemic patients (n = 4460; 33 {\%} taking statins) and 4563 IFG patients (n = 1865; 41 {\%} taking statin) among residents of Olmsted County, Minnesota, with clinical data in the Mayo Clinic electronic medical record and at least one outpatient fasting glucose test between 1999 and 2004. Demographics, vital signs, tobacco use, laboratory results, medications and comorbidities were obtained by electronic search for the period 1999–2004. Results were analyzed by Cox proportional hazards models, and the risk of incident diabetes and mortality were analyzed by survival curves using the Kaplan–Meier method. MAIN MEASURES: The main endpoints were new clinical diagnosis of diabetes mellitus and total mortality. KEY RESULTS: After a mean of 6 years of follow-up, statin use was found to be associated with an increased risk of incident diabetes in the normoglycemic (HR 1.19; 95 {\%} CI, 1.05 to 1.35; p = 0.007) and IFG groups (HR 1.24; 95{\%}CI, 1.11 to 1.38; p = 0.0001). At the same time, overall mortality decreased in both normoglycemic (HR 0.70; 95 {\%} CI, 0.66 to 0.80; p <0.0001) and IFG patients (HR 0.77, 95 {\%} CI, 0.64 to 0.91; p = 0.0029) with statin use. CONCLUSION: In general, recommendations for statin use should not be affected by concerns over an increased risk of developing diabetes, since the benefit of reduced mortality clearly outweighs this small (19–24 {\%}) risk.",
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AU - Castro, M. Regina

AU - Simon, Gyorgy

AU - Cha, Stephen S.

AU - Yawn, Barbara P.

AU - Melton, L. Joseph

AU - Caraballo, Pedro

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N2 - BACKGROUND: The association between the use of statins and the risk of diabetes and increased mortality within the same population has been a source of controversy, and may underestimate the value of statins for patients at risk. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to assess whether statin use increases the risk of developing diabetes or affects overall mortality among normoglycemic patients and patients with impaired fasting glucose (IFG). DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: Observational cohort study of 13,508 normoglycemic patients (n = 4460; 33 % taking statins) and 4563 IFG patients (n = 1865; 41 % taking statin) among residents of Olmsted County, Minnesota, with clinical data in the Mayo Clinic electronic medical record and at least one outpatient fasting glucose test between 1999 and 2004. Demographics, vital signs, tobacco use, laboratory results, medications and comorbidities were obtained by electronic search for the period 1999–2004. Results were analyzed by Cox proportional hazards models, and the risk of incident diabetes and mortality were analyzed by survival curves using the Kaplan–Meier method. MAIN MEASURES: The main endpoints were new clinical diagnosis of diabetes mellitus and total mortality. KEY RESULTS: After a mean of 6 years of follow-up, statin use was found to be associated with an increased risk of incident diabetes in the normoglycemic (HR 1.19; 95 % CI, 1.05 to 1.35; p = 0.007) and IFG groups (HR 1.24; 95%CI, 1.11 to 1.38; p = 0.0001). At the same time, overall mortality decreased in both normoglycemic (HR 0.70; 95 % CI, 0.66 to 0.80; p <0.0001) and IFG patients (HR 0.77, 95 % CI, 0.64 to 0.91; p = 0.0029) with statin use. CONCLUSION: In general, recommendations for statin use should not be affected by concerns over an increased risk of developing diabetes, since the benefit of reduced mortality clearly outweighs this small (19–24 %) risk.

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