Static lung-lung interactions in unilateral emphysema

S. S. Margulies, R. W. Schriner, M. A. Schroeder, R. D. Hubmayr

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Motivated by the introduction of single-lung transplantation into clinical practice, we compared the static mechanical properties of the respiratory system in six supine dogs before (at baseline) with those after the induction of unilateral emphysema. Relaxation volume (Vrel), total lung capacity (TLC), and static compliance of the emphysematous lung increased to 214 ± 68, 186 ± 39, and 253 ± 95% (SD) of baseline, respectively. Vrel of the nonemphysematous lung fell to 81 ± 28% of baseline, with no significant change in TLC of the nonemphysematous lung or its pressure-volume relationship, indicating that unilateral hyperinflation does not cause dropout of contralateral lung units. After unilateral emphysema, the chest wall shifted to a higher unstressed or neutral volume (when pleural pressure equals atmospheric pressure) in three of six animals, minimizing the anticipated decrease in lung recoil pressure at the higher respiratory system Vrel. The pattern of relative lung emptying in the intact dog and in the excised lungs was similar during stepwise deflations from TLC, suggesting that mean pleural pressure of the hemithoraces is equal. We conclude that in the dog the static volume distribution between emphysematous and nonemphysematous lungs is determined only by differences in lung recoil and compliance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)545-551
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of applied physiology
Volume73
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 1 1992

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Keywords

  • chest wall adaptation
  • single-lung transplantation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

Cite this

Margulies, S. S., Schriner, R. W., Schroeder, M. A., & Hubmayr, R. D. (1992). Static lung-lung interactions in unilateral emphysema. Journal of applied physiology, 73(2), 545-551.